Food and medications
If you have hyperthyroidism, your doctor may prescribe medication — such as an iodine and potassium solution — to regulate your thyroid function and decrease the risk of bleeding.
You may need to avoid eating and drinking for a certain period of time before surgery, as well, to avoid anesthesia complications. Your doctor will provide specific instructions.
Before your scheduled surgery, ask a friend or loved one to help you home after the procedure. Be sure to leave jewelry and valuables at home.
Aug. 30, 2017
- Townsend CM Jr, et al. Endocrine. In: Sabiston Textbook of Surgery: The Biological Basis of Modern Surgical Practice. 20th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2017. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 6, 2017.
- Jameson JL, et al., eds. Surgery of the thyroid. In: Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 6, 2017.
- Thyroid surgery. American Thyroid Association. https://www.thyroid.org/thyroid-surgery/. Accessed July 6, 2017.
- Haugen BR, et al. 2015 American Thyroid Association management guidelines for adult patients with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer. Thyroid. 2016;26:1.
- Wang TS, et al. Initial thyroidectomy. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed July 6, 2017.
- Nippoldt TB (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 11, 2017.