Performing a testicular self-exam doesn't pose any direct risks. However, if you notice something unusual that concerns you, the follow-up exams might lead to unnecessary worry and medical tests.

For example, if you discover a suspicious lump, you may undergo tests to determine its cause. This could involve blood tests, ultrasound exams or a procedure to remove testicle tissue for examination (biopsy).

If the lump turns out to be noncancerous (benign), you might feel that you've undergone an invasive procedure unnecessarily.

Nov. 22, 2014