Make an appointment with your doctor if you find a lump or other change during a testicular self-exam. Depending on the circumstances, your doctor may do a testicular exam followed by a blood test, ultrasound or biopsy.
Most changes in your testicles aren't caused by testicular cancer. A number of noncancerous conditions can cause changes in your testicles, such as a cyst, injury, infection, hernia and collection of fluid around the testicles (hydrocele).
Nov. 22, 2014
- Testicular cancer screening (PDQ). National Cancer Institute. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/screening/testicular/HealthProfessional. Accessed June 19, 2014.
- Smith RA, et al. Cancer Screening in the United States, 2014: A review of current American Cancer Society guidelines and current issues in cancer screening. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. 2014;64:30.
- Screening for testicular cancer. Rockville, Md.: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/uspstest.htm. Accessed June 19, 2014.
- Testicular cancer: Symptoms and signs. Cancer.net. http://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/testicular-cancer/symptoms-and-signs. Accessed Oct. 14, 2014.
- Testicular self‐examination (TSE). Urology Care Foundation. http://www.urologyhealth.org/urology/index.cfm?article=101&display=1. Accessed June 20, 2014.