Acute lymphocytic leukemia is a type of leukemia that affects immature white blood cells. It's the most common cancer in children and adolescents.
Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), a form of cancer that affects the blood cells, is the most common type of leukemia.
Amyloidosis causes an abnormal protein buildup in various organs, which can include your heart and kidneys, and can permanently damage them and disrupt their functions.
Aplastic anemia occurs when your bone marrow stops producing enough new blood cells. It's a serious problem, but treatments are available.
Learn about cancer, what it looks like and what causes it.
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow. Unlike other cancers, this form of leukemia doesn't always initially require treatment.
Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a rare type of blood cancer. New treatments may be improving the prognosis for many people with CML.
DiGeorge syndrome, a disorder due to "missing" genes, can result in numerous problems, including heart defects, low blood-calcium levels, delayed speech development and behavioral disorders.
Epidermolysis bullosa is a group of inherited skin diseases whose hallmark is fragile skin that blisters easily. Severe forms may be life-threatening.
Gaucher's disease is an inherited disorder in which fatty substances accumulate in abnormal amounts in your body, affecting the functioning of organs.
Hodgkin's lymphoma (Hodgkin's disease) is cancer of the lymphatic system. Many early symptoms of this cancer resemble those of the flu.
Hunter syndrome, a rare metabolic disorder, occurs when the body can't break down certain complex sugars. Complications occur as these sugars accumulate in the body.
Leukemia is a cancer in which abnormal white blood cells proliferate. Although it's often perceived as a children's disease, leukemia also occurs in adults.
Multiple myeloma is cancer of your bone marrow plasma cells. The disease can make you prone to infections and damage your bones and kidneys.
In myelofibrosis, healthy bone marrow is replaced with scar tissue, leading to severe anemia and fatigue.
Neuroblastoma most commonly affects children age 5 and younger. It's the most common form of cancer in babies.
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is cancer originating in the lymphatic system. It's caused by abnormal white blood cells, and often the only sign is swollen lymph nodes.
Sickle cell anemia is an inherited blood disease that causes pain, organ damage and other problems. Treatments may reduce pain and prevent complications.
Stem cells are under study to treat diverse conditions from blood cancers to Parkinson's and heart failure. Researchers have uncovered some potential new sources that offer additional opportunities for developing regenerative solutions.
Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder, characterized by less hemoglobin and fewer red blood cells than normal. When necessary, treatment includes blood transfusions.
Type 1 diabetes destroys your body's ability to produce insulin. Learn how you can live an active, healthy life with type 1 diabetes.
Aug. 22, 2012
- Bone marrow transplantation and peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. National Cancer Institute. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Therapy/bone-marrow-transplant. Accessed June 6, 2012.
- Holmberg LA, et al. Determining eligibility for autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation. http://www.uptodate.com/index. Accessed June 6, 2012.
- Barbara Woodward Lips Patient Education Center. Autologous blood and marrow transplant (BMT). Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2009.
- Stem cell transplant (peripheral blood, bone marrow, and cord blood transplants). American Cancer Society. http://www.cancer.org/Treatment/TreatmentsandSideEffects/TreatmentTypes/BoneMarrowandPeripheralBloodStemCellTransplant/index. Accessed July 10, 2012.
- Hogan WJ (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Aug. 6, 2012.