In-depth

Enlarged spleen

An enlarged spleen is usually a sign of an underlying problem. Treatment varies, depending on what's causing the enlargement.

Hairy cell leukemia

Hairy cell leukemia is a rare blood cancer that has no cure. However, treatments can keep hairy cell leukemia at bay for years.

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura is a blood-clotting disorder that can lead to easy bruising and bleeding. Treatment depends on the severity of symptoms.

Myelofibrosis

In myelofibrosis, healthy bone marrow is replaced with scar tissue, leading to severe anemia and fatigue.

Ruptured spleen

A ruptured spleen is a medical emergency. Immediate surgery is needed to prevent life-threatening bleeding.

Thrombocytopenia

Thrombocytopenia is the medical term for a low platelet count in the blood. It usually occurs as a side effect of a disease or medication.

Jul. 20, 2012