If you have a splenectomy due to a ruptured spleen, further treatment usually isn't necessary. If splenectomy was performed to treat another disorder, additional treatment may be required, depending on your medical situation.

Life without a spleen

After splenectomy, other organs in your body take over most of the functions previously performed by your spleen. You can live an active life without a spleen, but you're more likely to contract serious or even life-threatening infections. To guard against infections, your doctor may recommend a pneumonia vaccine, as well as yearly flu vaccines. In some cases, preventive antibiotics may be recommended as well, especially if you have other conditions that increase your risk of serious infections.

After a splenectomy, notify your doctor at the first sign of an infection. Make sure anyone caring for you knows that you've had your spleen removed. Consider wearing a medical alert bracelet that indicates you don't have a spleen.

Jul. 20, 2012