Risks

Risks associated with a prostate biopsy include:

  • Bleeding at the biopsy site. Rectal bleeding is common after a prostate biopsy.
  • Blood in your semen. It's common to notice red or rust coloring in your semen after a prostate biopsy. This indicates blood, and it's not a cause for concern. Blood in your semen may persist for a few weeks after the biopsy.
  • Blood in your urine. This bleeding is usually minor.
  • Difficulty urinating. In some men, prostate biopsy can cause difficulty urinating after the procedure. Rarely, a temporary urinary catheter must be inserted.
  • Infection. Rarely, men who have a prostate biopsy develop an infection of the urinary tract or prostate that requires treatment with antibiotics.
April 13, 2016
References
  1. Wein AJ, et al., eds. Prostate biopsy: Techniques and imaging. In: Campbell-Walsh Urology. 11th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Jan. 7, 2016.
  2. Benway BM, et al. Prostate biopsy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 7, 2016.
  3. AskMayoExpert. Prostate biopsy. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2015.
  4. Bjurlin MA, et al. Optimization of prostate biopsy: Review of technique and complications. Urologic Clinics of North America. 2014;41:299.
  5. How is prostate cancer diagnosed? American Cancer Society. http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/ProstateCancer/DetailedGuide/prostate-cancer-diagnosis. Accessed Jan. 7, 2016.
  6. Ferri FF. Prostate cancer. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2016. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Jan. 6, 2016.
  7. Yang XJ. Interpretation of prostate biopsy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 7, 2016.