In-depth

Causes

Adenomyosis

Bacterial vaginosis

Endometriosis

Miscarriage

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

Uterine fibroids

Yeast infection (vaginal)

Complications

Chronic pelvic pain in women

Interstitial lung disease

Preterm labor

Risk factors

Incompetent cervix

Symptoms

Painful intercourse (dyspareunia)

Vaginal atrophy

Vulvodynia

June 20, 2017
References
  1. LeBlond RF, et al., eds. The female genitalia and reproductive system. In: DeGowin's Diagnostic Examination. 10th ed. New York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill Education; 2015. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Accessed Feb. 3, 2017.
  2. Frequently asked questions: Especially for teens FAQ150. Your first gynecological visit. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Your-First-Gynecologic-Visit-Especially-for-Teens. Accessed Feb. 3, 2017.
  3. Frequently asked questions: Abnormal cervical cancer screening test results. FAQ187. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Abnormal-Cervical-Cancer-Screening-Test-Results. Accessed Feb. 3, 2017.
  4. Carusi DA, et al. The gynecologic history and pelvic examination. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Feb. 3, 2017.
  5. Butler Tobah YS (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Feb. 23, 2017.