Why it's doneBy Mayo Clinic Staff
ParaGard offers effective, long-term contraception. It can be used in premenopausal women of all ages, including teenagers. Among various benefits, ParaGard:
- Eliminates the need to interrupt sex for contraception or seek partner compliance
- Can remain in place for up to 10 years
- Can be removed at any time, followed by a quick return to fertility
- Decreases the risk of endometrial cancer and possibly cervical cancer
- Can be used while breast-feeding — though there may be an increased risk of perforation or expulsion when inserted soon after delivery
- Doesn't carry the risk of side effects related to hormonal birth control methods
- Can be used for emergency contraception if inserted within five days after unprotected sex
ParaGard isn't appropriate for everyone, however. Your health care provider may discourage use of ParaGard if you:
Jan. 21, 2015
- Have uterine abnormalities that interfere with the placement or retention of ParaGard
- Have a pelvic infection, such as pelvic inflammatory disease
- Have uterine or cervical cancer
- Have unexplained vaginal bleeding
- Are allergic to any component of ParaGard
- Have a disorder that causes too much copper to accumulate in your liver, brain and other vital organs (Wilson's disease)
- Have or are at high risk of a sexually transmitted infection, and won't use condoms
- Had previous problems with an IUD
- Hatcher RA, et al. Contraceptive Technology. 20th ed. New York, N.Y.: Ardent Media; 2011:149.
- Dean G, et al. Intrauterine contraception (IUD): Overview. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 19, 2014.
- Ott MA, et al. Contraception for adolescents. Pediatrics. 2014;134:e1257.
- ParaGard T 380A (prescribing information). Sellersville, Pa.: Teva Women's Health Inc.; 2013. http://www.paragard.com. Accessed Nov. 19, 2014.
- Carusi DA, et al. Insertion and removal of an intrauterine contraceptive device. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 19, 2014.
- Dean G, et al. Management of problems related to intrauterine contraception. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 19, 2014.