Genital warts, which are sexually transmitted, increase the risk of cervical and other cancers. A vaccine for the virus that causes genital warts is available.
You don't have to accept vaginal problems as part of getting older. Discover treatment options.
Vaginal cancer is a rare cancer that typically occurs in older women.
Vaginal dryness is a common and uncomfortable condition — but there are effective ways to treat it.
June 11, 2015
- Cervical cancer screening. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Cervical-Cancer-Screening. Accessed Jan. 6, 2015.
- Pap test. Office on Women’s Health. http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publication/fact-sheet/pap-test.html?from=AtoZ#. Accessed Jan. 6, 2015.
- Feldman S, et al. Screening for cervical cancer. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 15, 2015.
- Saslow D, et al. American Cancer Society, American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology, and American Society for Clinical Pathology screening guidelines for prevention and early detection of cervical cancer. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. 2012;62:147.
- Screening for cervical cancer. Rockville, Md.: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf11/cervcancer/cervcancerrs.htm. Accessed Jan. 6, 2015.
- Cervical cancer screening reference 2015. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2015.
- Massad LS, et al. 2012 updated consensus guidelines for the management of abnormal cervical cancer screening tests and cancer precursors. Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease. 2013;17(suppl):S1.
- Committee on Practice Bulletins—Gynecology. ACOG Practice Bulletin Number 131: Screening for cervical cancer. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2012;120:1222.