Risks

Complications from having surgery to implant your pacemaker are uncommon, but could include:

  • Infection where the pacemaker was implanted
  • Allergic reaction to the dye or anesthesia used during your procedure
  • Swelling, bruising or bleeding at the generator site, especially if you are taking blood thinners
  • Damage to your blood vessels or nerves near the pacemaker
  • Collapsed lung

Life-threatening complications of pacemaker implantation are rare.

March 30, 2016
References
  1. Artificial pacemaker. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Arrhythmia/PreventionTreatmentofArrhythmia/Artificial-Pacemaker_UCM_448480_Article.jsp#.VqmHgPkrLIU. Accessed Jan. 26, 2016.
  2. Marx JA, et al., eds. Implantable cardiac devices. In: Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Jan. 26, 2016.
  3. Pacemaker. Heart Rhythm Society. http://www.hrsonline.org/Patient-Resources/Treatment/Pacemaker. Accessed Jan. 26, 2016.
  4. Gillis HM, et al. HRS/ACCF expert consensus statement on pacemaker device and mode selection. Rhythm. 2012;9:1344.
  5. What is a pacemaker? American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/idc/groups/heart-public/@wcm/@hcm/documents/downloadable/ucm_300451.pdf. Accessed Jan. 26, 2016.
  6. Zipes DP, et al., eds. Implantable pacemakers. In: Cardiac Electrophysiology: From Cell to Bedside. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Jan. 26, 2016.
  7. What is a pacemaker? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pace/. Accessed Jan. 27, 2016.
  8. What is the heart? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hhw#. Accessed Jan. 27, 2016.
  9. Pacemaker implantation. NHS Choices. http://www.nhs.uk/Pages/Preview.aspx?site=PacemakerImplantation&print=635895492679634634&JScript=0. Accessed Jan. 26, 2016.
  10. Hayes DL. Permanent cardiac pacing: Overview of devices and indications. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 26, 2016.
  11. Barbara Woodward Lips Patient Education Center. About your pacemaker implantation. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2010.
  12. Gura MT. Considerations in patients with cardiac implantable electronic devices at end of life. AACN Advanced Critical Care. 2015;26:356.
  13. Riggin ER. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Jan. 13, 2016.
  14. Miller MA, et al. Leadless cardiac pacemakers: Back to the future. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2015;66:1179.
  15. Reddy VY, et al. Percutaneous implantation of an entirely intracardiac leadless pacemaker. The Lancet. 2015;37:1125.
  16. Mankad R (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Feb. 8, 2016.