Why it's done

An oophorectomy may be performed for:

  • A tubo-ovarian abscess — a pus-filled pocket involving a fallopian tube and an ovary
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Endometriosis
  • Noncancerous (benign) ovarian tumors or cysts
  • Reducing the risk of ovarian cancer or breast cancer in those at increased risk
  • Ovarian torsion — the twisting of an ovary

Oophorectomy combined with other procedures

An oophorectomy can be done alone, but it is often done as part of a more-complete surgery to remove the uterus (hysterectomy) in women who have undergone menopause.

In those with an increased risk of ovarian cancer, an oophorectomy is commonly combined with surgery to remove the nearby fallopian tubes (salpingectomy) since they share a common blood supply with the ovaries. When combined, the procedure is called a salpingo-oophorectomy.

April 07, 2017
References
  1. Hoffman BL, et al. Surgeries for benign gynecologic disorders. In: Williams Gynecology. 3rd ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2016. http://accessmedicine.com. Accessed Nov. 8, 2016.
  2. DeCherney AH, et al. Preoperative complications. In: Current Diagnosis & Treatment Obstetrics & Gynecology. 11th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2013. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Accessed Nov. 8, 2016.
  3. Valea FA, et al. Oophorectomy and ovarian cystectomy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 8, 2016.
  4. Tomasso SK, et al. Incidence, time trends, laterality, indications, and pathological findings of unilateral oophorectomy before menopause. Menopause. 2014;21:442.
  5. Rodriguez M, et al. Surgical menopause. Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America. 2015;44:531.
  6. Lentz GM, et al. Preparative counseling and management. In: Comprehensive Gynecology. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier; 2012. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Oct. 26, 2016.
  7. Mann WJ. Overview of preoperative evaluation and preparation for gynecologic surgery. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 8, 2016.
  8. Hoffman BL, et al. Minimally invasive surgery. In: Williams Gynecology. 3rd ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2016. http://accessmedicine.com. Accessed Nov. 8, 2016.
  9. Paraiso MFR, et al. Robot-assisted laparoscopy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 8, 2016.
  10. Faubion SS, et al. Elective oophorectomy: Primum non nocere. Journal of Women's Health. 2015;25:200.