An abdominal aortic aneurysm is a dangerous condition in which a part of your body's main artery (aorta) is enlarged and in danger of rupturing.
Absence seizures typically last only a few seconds, but can occur dozens of times a day.
Acute sinusitis occurs when your sinus cavities become inflamed. Antibiotics, decongestants and corticosteroids may relieve pain and congestion and prevent development of chronic sinusitis.
Although the absence of menstruation (amenorrhea) is seldom serious, the condition can often be linked to an underlying problem requiring treatment.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) — often known as Lou Gehrig's disease — is a degenerative condition causing loss of control of voluntary muscles.
Though anal cancer is rare, incidence of anal cancer is increasing. Find out the symptoms and causes of cancer of the anal canal.
Ankylosing spondylitis is an inflammatory arthritis that affects your spine and nearby joints. Over time, your spine may become stiff and immovable.
Ataxia describes lack of muscle coordination while performing voluntary movements. A sign of an underlying condition, ataxia can affect any part of your body.
Broken leg — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of this type of fracture.
Brucellosis is an infectious disease that spreads from animals to people, mainly via unpasteurized dairy products. Travelers should take special care to avoid infection.
Cerebral palsy — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes and treatment of this movement disorder.
Cervical dystonia is a neurological movement disorder affecting your neck. This painful condition occurs in children and adults and is most common in women.
Chiari malformation is an uncommon condition in which brain tissue extends into the spinal canal, causing headaches and other potentially serious symptoms.
Childhood schizophrenia is confusing and heart wrenching. Learn about managing this serious psychotic disorder.
Don't ignore exercise-related pain, pressure or numbness, because it may indicate chronic exertional compartment syndrome. Proper treatment can get you back to your favorite sport.
Chronic pelvic pain is pain in your pelvic region — the area below your bellybutton and between your hips — that lasts six months or longer.
Chronic sinusitis involves long-term inflammation or infection of the sinus cavities. Medications can help, and in rare cases surgery can treat this painful condition.
Churg-Strauss syndrome is a rare disorder marked by blood vessel inflammation that affects organs throughout the body. Asthma is the most common sign.
Cluster headaches usually occur repeatedly on one side of your head and cause intense pain that feels like a stabbing sensation in your eye.
Complex regional pain syndrome is a chronic, painful disease that typically affects an arm or leg that was recently injured or infected.
Conjoined twins are identical twins most often joined at the chest, head or pelvis. In some cases, conjoined twins can be surgically separated.
Cushing syndrome is caused by an excess of the hormone cortisol, originating from your adrenal glands or from corticosteroid medications you're taking for another illness.
Cyclic vomiting syndrome can last for hours or days and shares many triggers with migraines.
Diabetes insipidus is a rare condition characterized by intense thirst and the excretion of large amounts of urine.
A blow to your joint can dislocate the bones that meet at that joint. Don't try popping them back into place yourself. Get medical help.
Double uterus is a rare condition that sometimes goes undiagnosed throughout a woman's life. Find out how a double uterus can affect your reproductive health.
Ebstein's anomaly is a rare heart defect. Some people may not have any symptoms, but others may need treatment, including surgery.
Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain usually caused by a viral infection. Severe cases can cause brain damage, even death.
Enlarged heart is often a sign of a serious heart condition. Find out causes and treatments for enlarged heart.
An enlarged spleen is usually a sign of an underlying problem. Treatment varies, depending on what's causing the enlargement.
Esophageal varices — enlarged veins in the esophagus — are a serious complication of liver diseases such as cirrhosis.
Fibromuscular dysplasia is a rare, but treatable, condition in which the arteries to your kidneys, brain or abdomen narrow, reducing blood flow to your organs.
Frontal lobe seizures can produce many odd behaviors, including bicycle pedaling motions and pelvic thrusting. Seizures often occur during sleep.
Gallstones often don't cause symptoms. But if you have a gallbladder attack, you're not likely to forget it.
Growth plate fractures can interfere with your child's normal bone growth, resulting in a stunted or twisted limb. Prompt, proper care is essential.
Gynecomastia, enlarged breasts in males, is a common problem. Find out about treatments and how to cope.
Children of all ages experience headaches, but the causes aren't all the same. Here's how to help your child.
Back pain may mean you have a herniated disk — but not always. In fact, you can have disk herniation without pain. Here are the facts.
Caused by contractions of your diaphragm, hiccups are usually harmless. But rarely, hiccups may signal an underlying medical condition that requires treatment.
In hypopituitarism, your pituitary gland produces too little — or none — of one or more hormones. Disruption of any number of routine body functions can result.
Find out what could cause knee pain.
Krabbe disease is a rare, inherited disorder — most often affecting infants — that impairs functioning of the central nervous system and usually leads to early death.
Legg-Calve-Perthes disease is a rare childhood hip condition that requires specialty care.
This type of dementia often causes hallucinations, delusions and fluctuating alertness.
The risk of liver cancer may be reduced by protecting yourself from serious liver diseases such as cirrhosis and hepatitis B and C.
Liver hemangioma is the most common type of noncancerous (benign) liver mass. Learn how doctors treat liver hemangioma.
A monthly period is bad enough. Add in painful menstrual cramps, and you may be cursing this thing called womanhood. How do you get relief?
A migraine isn't an ordinary headache. In addition to severe head pain, it can cause nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound.
Migraine with aura is a usually severe headache that's accompanied by visual disturbances, such as flashes of light, zigzagging patterns or blind spots.
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a transition stage between the cognitive changes of normal aging and dementias such as Alzheimer's disease.
Morton's neuroma is a growth of nerve tissue in your foot that may be caused by pressure or irritation. It can be painful.
Myasthenia gravis is a condition of muscle weakness caused by a breakdown in communication between nerves and muscles. Treatments can help relieve muscle weakness.
In myelofibrosis, healthy bone marrow is replaced with scar tissue, leading to severe anemia and fatigue.
Nasal polyps, inflammation-related growths in the nasal passages or sinuses, can block the flow of air and fluid in your nose.
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is associated with obesity and diabetes. Lifestyle changes may prevent it from becoming serious.
Optic neuritis is an inflammation of the optic nerve, the structure that transmits visual information to your brain. Optic neuritis usually causes temporary vision loss.
Paget's disease of the breast is a form of breast cancer that involves the nipple. Understand treatment options for this rare breast cancer.
Pancreatic cancer is often fatal. Find out which new treatments offer hope.
The pain of pancreatitis, an inflammation of the pancreas, can last for days, or in chronic cases, for years. Pancreatitis can lead to serious complications.
Pericardial effusion, the accumulation of excess fluid in the sac-like structure around the heart, can decrease heart function and can be life-threatening.
A pinched nerve occurs when pressure is applied by surrounding tissues. This pressure disrupts the nerve's function, causing pain, tingling or numbness.
Placenta previa is a pregnancy complication that can cause excessive bleeding before or during delivery. Treatment may include bed rest or a C-section birth.
Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of heel pain. It generally clears up with the help of simple treatments for pain and inflammation.
Less common than an ACL knee injury, a torn posterior cruciate ligament can be painful and sideline you for months. Find out more.
Precocious puberty is a rare condition in which the physical signs of puberty begin to develop too early in children.
Primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, diagnosis of uncommon motor neuron disease.
Progressive supranuclear palsy — a syndrome with many similarities to Parkinson's disease — has no effective treatment, but certain medications and self-care measures can help.
Pseudotumor cerebri — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, treatment of increased pressure inside the skull.
Some people with psoriasis may develop joint pain called psoriatic arthritis. Get the basics here.
High blood pressure affecting only the arteries in your lungs is known as pulmonary hypertension. Discover the symptoms, risk factors and treatment for this condition.
Schizophrenia causes delusions, hallucinations and behavior changes. The good news is that new medications can often effectively manage schizophrenia symptoms.
Scoliosis is an abnormal curvature of the spine. Most cases are mild, but severe cases may require treatment with braces or surgery.
Sheehan's syndrome is a rare pituitary gland disorder that occurs in women usually as a result of severe blood loss during childbirth.
If you have symptoms of heart disease, but your doctor doesn't see any blocked major arteries, small vessel disease may be the cause.
Stress fractures are tiny cracks in a bone. Simple steps can help prevent this common overuse injury.
Syringomyelia is the development of a fluid-filled cyst within your spinal cord. It can cause a variety of neurological symptoms, including pain, weakness and stiffness.
Takayasu's arteritis is an uncommon form of vasculitis that affects the large arteries.
Tennis elbow usually results from repetitive contraction of the forearm muscles — causing pain where the muscles attach to the elbow. Rest and pain relievers may help.
A tension headache is the most common form of headache. A number of treatments are available to help you deal with the pain.
Thoracic outlet syndrome is a group of disorders that occur when the nerves or vessels in the shoulder area (thoracic outlet) are compressed.
Thrombophlebitis occurs when a blood clot and swelling develop in a vein, typically in your leg. The cause often is prolonged inactivity or bed rest.
TMJ disorders are painful conditions centered where your jawbone attaches to your skull. The pain may be temporary or chronic.
Twisting the knee can cause a common knee injury known as a torn meniscus. Treatment sometimes includes surgery.
Toxic hepatitis is liver damage that occurs when your liver isn't able to break down certain toxins — including common pain relievers such as Tylenol.
Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by a parasite. It doesn't make most people ill, but infants and people with HIV/AIDS are at risk of complications.
Transverse myelitis — inflammation of the insulating material that covers nerve cells in your spine (myelin) — causes pain, muscle weakness and other problems.
While mild traumatic brain injury generally results in few long-term problems, more severe injury can cause several physical, emotional, behavioral, communication and cognitive problems.
Undescended testicle is a testicle that hasn't moved into its proper position in the scrotum prior to birth. The condition often corrects itself.
Uterine fibroids are noncancerous tumors of the uterus. Medical therapy and surgical procedures can shrink or remove uterine fibroids.
Vaginal cancer is a rare cancer that typically occurs in older women.
Aug. 17, 2013
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