RisksBy Mayo Clinic Staff
Less than 1 percent of women who use Mirena will get pregnant in a year of typical use. If you do conceive while using Mirena, you're at higher risk of an ectopic pregnancy — when the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube. However, because Mirena prevents most pregnancies, women who use it are at lower risk of having an ectopic pregnancy than are other sexually active women who are not using contraception.
Mirena doesn't offer protection from sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
Side effects associated with Mirena include:
- Breast tenderness
- Irregular bleeding
- Absence of periods (amenorrhea), especially after one year of use
- Mood changes
- Weight gain
- Ovarian cysts
- Cramping or pelvic pain
It's also possible to expel Mirena from your uterus. You may be more likely to expel Mirena if you:
- Have never been pregnant
- Have heavy or prolonged periods
- Have severe menstrual pain
- Previously expelled an IUD
- Are younger than age 20
- Had Mirena inserted immediately after childbirth or an abortion
After childbirth, your health care provider may recommend that you wait at least eight weeks before having Mirena inserted to avoid possible expulsion.
In addition, your health care provider may recommend removal of Mirena if you develop:
Jan. 10, 2015
- A pelvic infection
- Inflammation of the endometrium (endometritis)
- Endometrial or cervical cancer
- A significant increase in blood pressure
- Hatcher RA, et al. Contraceptive Technology. 20th ed. New York, N.Y.: Ardent Media; 2011:149.
- Ott MA, et al. Contraception for adolescents. Pediatrics. 2014;134:e1257.
- Mirena (prescribing information). Whippany, N.J.: Bayer Healthcare Pharmaceuticals Inc.; 2014. http://mirena-us.com/hcp/index.jsp?WT.mc_id=MIS119497&WT.srch=1. Accessed Nov. 18, 2014.
- Dean G, et al. Intrauterine contraception (IUD): Overview. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 19, 2014.
- Dean G, et al. Management of problems related to intrauterine contraception. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 19, 2014.
- Carusi DA, et al. Insertion and removal of an intrauterine contraceptive device. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 19, 2014.
- Harms RW (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Nov. 28, 2014.