In-depth

Complications

Aortic valve regurgitation

Aortic valve stenosis

Nov. 02, 2016
References
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  2. Aldea GS. Minimally invasive aortic and mitral valve surgery. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 26, 2016.
  3. Aldea GS. Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass graft surgery: Definitions and technical issues. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 26, 2016.
  4. Vernick W, et al. Robotic and minimally invasive cardiac surgery. Anesthesiology Clinics. 2013;31:299.
  5. Pope NH, et al. Minimally invasive valve surgery. Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research. 2014;7:387.
  6. Lamelas J, et al. Minimally invasive valve surgery: When less is more. Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 2015;27:49.
  7. Lee R. Surgical ablation to prevent recurrent atrial fibrillation. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 26, 2016.
  8. Connolly HM. Surgical and percutaneous closure of atrial septal defects in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 25, 2016.
  9. Barbara Woodward Lips Patient Education Center. Minimally invasive heart surgery. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2012.
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