In-depth

Causes

COPD

Complications

Emphysema

Tobacco smoke causes most cases of emphysema. Although quitting smoking can't reverse the damage, it can help keep this serious lung disease from becoming worse.

Pulmonary hypertension

Risk factors

Cystic fibrosis

Scleroderma

Oct. 13, 2016
References
  1. What is a lung transplant? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/lungtxp. Accessed May 10, 2016.
  2. Mason RJ, et al. Lung transplantation. In: Murray and Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2010. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed May 10, 2016.
  3. AskMayoExpert. Lung transplantation. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2015.
  4. Goldman L, et al., eds. Interventional and surgical approaches to lung disease. In: Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 7, 2016.
  5. Vincent JL, et al. Lung transplantation. In: Textbook of Critical Care. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed May 10, 2016.
  6. Hachem RR. Lung transplantation: An overview. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 10, 2016.
  7. Hachem RR. Lung transplantation: General guidelines for recipient selection. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 10, 2016.
  8. Partnering with your transplant team: The patient's guide to transplantation. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. https://optn.transplant.hrsa.gov/learn/patient-education/. Accessed May 11, 2016.
  9. Valapour M, et al. OPTN/SRTR annual data report 2014: Lung. American Journal of Transplantation. 2016;16:141.
  10. Bhorade S, et al. Induction immunosuppression following lung transplantation. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 10, 2016.
  11. Bhorade S, et al. Maintenance immunosuppression following lung transplantation. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 10, 2016.
  12. What every patient needs to know. United Network for Organ Sharing. http://www.transplantliving.org/community/patient-resources/publications/. Accessed May 18, 2016.
  13. Diet and exercise. United Network for Organ Sharing: Transplant living. http://www.transplantliving.org/after-the-transplant/staying-healthy/diet-and-exercise/. Accessed May 13, 2016.
  14. Palmer SM, et al. Bacterial infections following lung transplantation. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 13, 2016.
  15. What is pulmonary rehabilitation? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pulreh. Accessed July 13, 2016.
  16. Cypel M, et al. Lung transplantation: Procedure and postoperative management. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 10, 2016.
  17. What is bronchoscopy? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/bron. Accessed July 19, 2016.
  18. Erasmus DB (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Aug. 15, 2016.

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