Acute lymphocytic leukemia is a type of leukemia that affects immature white blood cells. It's the most common cancer in children and adolescents.
Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), a form of cancer that affects the blood cells, is the most common type of leukemia.
Ataxia describes lack of muscle coordination while performing voluntary movements. A sign of an underlying condition, ataxia can affect any part of your body.
Coma is often a complication from a severe brain injury that leaves a person unconscious and unresponsive. Many people recover from this condition.
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is a rare cause of dementia that progresses rapidly once symptoms develop.
Dysarthria is a speech disorder caused by an inability to control or coordinate the muscles used for speaking.
Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain usually caused by a viral infection. Severe cases can cause brain damage, even death.
Children of all ages experience headaches, but the causes aren't all the same. Here's how to help your child.
Legionnaires' disease, a severe form of pneumonia, is caused by bacteria that can live in water in air conditioning systems, showers and spas.
Fever, headache and stiff neck are common signs and symptoms of meningitis — an infection of the membranes and fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
A migraine isn't an ordinary headache. In addition to severe head pain, it can cause nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound.
Summertime freshwater swimming may put you at risk of this rare but often fatal infection. Learn more about your risks and how to protect yourself.
Although often eased with simple techniques at home, neck pain can sometimes be a symptom of a more serious problem requiring medical treatment.
Pseudotumor cerebri — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, treatment of increased pressure inside the skull.
Sex headaches are usually nothing to worry about. But they can sometimes be associated with bleeding problems inside and around the brain.
Thunderclap headaches strike suddenly. Immediate medical attention is essential. Some thunderclap headaches signal a life-threatening condition.
Transverse myelitis — inflammation of the insulating material that covers nerve cells in your spine (myelin) — causes pain, muscle weakness and other problems.
West Nile virus infection usually resolves on its own, but occasionally it can be serious.
Dec. 06, 2014
- Lumbar puncture. Radiological Society of North America. http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=SpinalTap. Accessed Nov. 10, 2014.
- CSF Analysis. Lab Tests Online. http://labtestsonline.org/understanding/analytes/csf/csf-exams. Accessed Nov. 10, 2014.
- Lumbar puncture (taking a sample of fluid from around the spinal cord). American Thoracic Society. http://www.thoracic.org/clinical/critical-care/patient-information/icu-devices-and-procedures/lumbar-puncture-taking-a-sample-of-fluid-from-around-the-spinal-cord.php. Accessed Nov. 10, 2014.
- Pfenninger JL, et al. Pfenninger and Fowler's Procedures for Primary Care. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2011. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Nov. 10, 2014.
- Swanson JW (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Nov. 13, 2014.