Photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP) is a treatment for an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia).

During laser PVP surgery, a tube with an imaging system (cystoscope) is inserted into the penis. A surgeon places a laser through the cystoscope to burn away (vaporize) excess prostate tissue. This eases blockage of the urethra and enlarges the opening to allow better urine flow during urination.

Laser PVP surgery is an effective and less invasive alternative to older, more traditional methods of removing prostate obstructions. Because laser PVP surgery vaporizes tissue rather than cutting or scraping it, there's generally less blood loss — which can make the procedure a good choice for men who have blood-clotting conditions or those who take blood thinners.

Researchers continue to study long-term results of prostate laser surgery, including laser PVP surgery.

Read more about enlarged prostate and prostate laser surgery.

  • Experience and expertise. Mayo Clinic was among the first institutions to begin using PVP laser vaporization for prostate surgery. Today, Mayo Clinic urologists do more than 200 laser PVP surgeries a year.
  • Help choosing the best option. Your doctor's advice about the best treatment for you will be based on expert knowledge of and experience with all treatment options for enlarged prostate.
  • Research. Mayo Clinic doctors continue to refine PVP and other laser procedures while contributing to advances in laser technology and equipment.

Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., is ranked among the Best Hospitals for urology by U.S. News & World Report. Mayo Clinic in Scottsdale, Ariz., and Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Fla., are ranked high performing for urology by U.S. News & World Report.

At Mayo Clinic, we assemble a team of specialists who take the time to listen and thoroughly understand your health issues and concerns. We tailor the care you receive to your personal health care needs. You can trust our specialists to collaborate and offer you the best possible outcomes, safety and service.

Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit medical institution that reinvests all earnings into improving medical practice, research and education. We're constantly involved in innovation and medical research, finding solutions to improve your care and quality of life. Your doctor or someone on your medical team is likely involved in research related to your condition.

Our patients tell us that the quality of their interactions, our attention to detail and the efficiency of their visits mean health care — and trusted answers — like they've never experienced.

Why Choose Mayo Clinic

What Sets Mayo Clinic Apart

Mayo Clinic works with hundreds of insurance companies and is an in-network provider for millions of people. In most cases, Mayo Clinic doesn't require a physician referral. Some insurers require referrals or may have additional requirements for certain medical care. All appointments are prioritized on the basis of medical need.

Specialists in urology at Mayo Clinic in Arizona offer laser PVP.

For appointments or more information, call the Central Appointment Office at 800-446-2279 (toll-free) 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Mountain Standard Time, Monday through Friday or complete an online appointment request form.

Specialists in urology at Mayo Clinic in Florida offer laser PVP.

For appointments or more information, call the Central Appointment Office at 904-953-0853 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Eastern time, Monday through Friday or complete an online appointment request form.

Specialists in urology at Mayo Clinic in Minnesota offer laser PVP. The treatment was pioneered by doctors at Mayo Clinic in Minnesota.

For appointments or more information, call the Central Appointment Office at 507-538-3270 7 a.m. to 6 p.m. Central time, Monday through Friday or complete an online appointment request form.

See information on patient services at the three Mayo Clinic locations, including transportation options and lodging.

Researchers at Mayo Clinic evaluate diagnostic methods, medical therapies, surgical techniques and new technologies in an effort to continually improve the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer. Mayo Clinic's Urology Department maintains an extensive registry of data about the results of treatment of all patients, which helps Mayo Clinic doctors evaluate the effectiveness of treatments and guide treatment decisions.

Publications

See a list of publications by Mayo Clinic doctors on laser PVP surgery on PubMed, a service of the National Library of Medicine.

Jun. 07, 2013