Heart valve surgery is a procedure to treat heart valve disease. In heart valve disease, at least one of the four heart valves that keep blood flowing in the correct direction through your heart doesn't function properly. In heart valve surgery, your surgeon repairs or replaces the affected heart valves.
Heart valve diseases that may be treated by heart valve surgery include:
Heart valve surgery can result in:
- Improved quality of life
- Prolonged life
- Reduced symptoms
- Preservation of the function of your heart muscle
While all open-heart surgeries involve some risk, major complications are rare because of improved technology and surgical techniques. Most heart valve repair and replacement surgeries are successful in restoring the function of your heart with a low rate of complications.
Complications could include:
- Heart attack
- Irregular heart rhythm (arrhythmia)
- Surgery needed for a new valve, in some instances, if the heart valve fails over time
Mar. 21, 2014
- Longo DL, et al. Harrison's Online. 18th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://www.accessmedicine.com/resourceTOC.aspx?resourceID=4. Accessed Aug. 20, 2013.
- Antman EM, et al. Cardiovascular Therapeutics: A Companion to Braunwald's Heart Disease. 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2013. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Aug. 20, 2013.
- Suri RM, et al. Quality of life after early mitral valve repair using conventional and robotic approaches. The Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 2012;93:761.
- Nishimura RA (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Aug. 23, 2013.