In functional electrical stimulation (FES), computer technology sends low-level electrical impulses to activate specific muscles in your legs, arms, hands or other areas. The electrical impulses are sent to the muscles either through surface electrodes on the skin or through electrodes implanted just under the skin. The electrical stimulation can cause your muscles to contract, which may promote increased muscle bulk or muscle control.
Functional electrical stimulation may improve your range of motion, your strength, and the functional use of your hands, arms or legs. FES may help you perform activities such as grasping or holding an item with your hand or moving your arms or legs in a cycle or stepping motion.
Functional electrical stimulation may be used to provide exercise to improve your blood circulation, aerobic conditioning, heart health and overall fitness. FES can also help improve movement patterns of your muscles, prevent bone mineral density loss and reduce muscle spasms.
Functional electrical stimulation is normally used in combination with other therapy techniques, education and exercise programs. Your therapy goals may include improving how you perform your daily activities and creating a wellness program you can use at home.
Experience. Mayo Clinic doctors and staff have helped thousands of people recover from traumatic spinal cord injuries and nontraumatic spinal disorders using many therapies.
Licensed and experienced therapists with knowledge and training in functional electrical stimulation work with you and provide daily interventions, including making timely and appropriate changes in your program as needed to best meet your needs and help you reach your goals.
The Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF) has accredited the Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Program at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota.
- Integrated team. Mayo Clinic's spinal cord injury rehabilitation team meets frequently to coordinate your care, education, training and guidance after your spinal cord injury. Your integrated team may include doctors, surgeons, mental health professionals, nurses, physical therapists, occupational and recreational therapists, and other specialists.
Individualized care. Your team will create an individualized treatment plan to meet your needs. Therapists will work with you to determine if functional electrical stimulation may help meet your needs.
The team considers you and your family to be an integral part of the treatment team, and you'll be informed and involved in making decisions and setting treatment goals.
Lifelong care. Mayo Clinic doctors and staff trained in physical medicine and rehabilitation offer a full range of spinal cord injury rehabilitation services. Your spinal cord injury rehabilitation team provides inpatient rehabilitation, outpatient rehabilitation and lifelong care.
Specialists in the Pediatric Rehabilitation Program care for children with spinal cord injuries at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota.
- Advanced technology. Mayo Clinic doctors and staff use advanced technology in diagnostic tests and treatment interventions for people with spinal cord injuries, including robot-assisted treadmill training, functional electrical stimulation and other therapies.
- Research. Mayo Clinic researchers study outcomes, rehabilitation options and potential treatments for people with spinal cord injuries and conduct clinical trials.
Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., is ranked among the Best Hospitals for rehabilitation by U.S. News & World Report.
Mayo Clinic works with hundreds of insurance companies and is an in-network provider for millions of people. In most cases, Mayo Clinic doesn't require a physician referral. Some insurers require referrals or may have additional requirements for certain medical care. All appointments are prioritized on the basis of medical need.
Doctors trained in physical medicine and rehabilitation and other staff care for people with spinal cord injuries who may benefit from sexuality education, counseling and management in the Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Program at Mayo Clinic's campus in Rochester, Minnesota.
You'll need a physician's referral to be considered for admission to the inpatient Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Program or for an appointment in the outpatient program.
- U.S. Patients
- International Patients
Specialists in the Pediatric Rehabilitation Program care for children with spinal cord injuries who require rehabilitation at Mayo Clinic's campus in Rochester, Minnesota. Children needing inpatient treatment receive care at Mayo Eugenio Litta Children's Hospital at Mayo Clinic.
Your child will need a physician's referral to be considered for admission to the inpatient program or for an appointment in the outpatient program.
For appointments or more information, call the Central Appointment Office at 507-538-3270 7 a.m. to 6 p.m. Central time, Monday through Friday or complete an online appointment request form.
- U.S. Patients
- International Patients
See information on patient services at the three Mayo Clinic locations, including transportation options and lodging.
Mayo Clinic researchers study functional electrical stimulation and other therapies for people with spinal cord injuries. Researchers also study outcomes, new treatment options and other areas related to spinal cord injury rehabilitation. Read more about spinal cord injury research.
See a list of publications by Mayo Clinic doctors on spinal cord injury rehabilitation on PubMed, a service of the National Library of Medicine.
- John R. Henley, M.S., Ph.D.
- Carlos B. Mantilla, M.D., Ph.D.
- Ronald K. Reeves, M.D.
- Daniel E. Rohe, Ph.D., L.P.
- Gary C. Sieck, Ph.D.
- Robert J. Spinner, M.D.
- Anthony J. Windebank, M.D.
- Michael J. Yaszemski, M.D., Ph.D.
Jan. 06, 2015
- Ho CH, et al. Functional electrical stimulation and spinal cord injury. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America. 2014;25:631.
- Carty A, et al. Increased aerobic fitness after neuromuscular electrical stimulation training in adults with spinal cord injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 2012;93:790.
- AskMayoExpert. Who benefits from functional electrical stimulation (FES)? Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2014.
- AskMayoExpert. What is involved in treatment with functional electrical stimulation (FES)? Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2014.
- Riggin EA. Decision Support System. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Nov. 17, 2014.
- Provider profile. CARF International. http://www.carf.org/providerProfile.aspx?cid=8020. Accessed Dec. 3, 2014.
- Litin SC (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Dec. 4, 2014.