Overview

Fetal surgery, a procedure in which surgery is performed on an unborn baby (fetus), is offered in some conditions to improve the long-term outcome after delivery.

For example, surgeons might perform open fetal surgery if a fetus has been diagnosed before birth (prenatally) with spina bifida.

In one type of spina bifida, myelomeningocele, an opening in the skin on the fetus' back causes part of the spinal cord and coverings to be exposed to amniotic fluid in the uterus. If your doctor finds your unborn baby has myelomeningocele, your doctor might suggest open fetal surgery to treat the condition.

In some cases, fetal surgery has better results than surgery after delivery.

Mayo Clinic's approach

Prenatal surgery for repair of myelomeningocele

Watch Mayo Clinic neurosurgeon Nicholas Wetjen, M.D., discuss prenatal surgery for repair of myelomeningocele.

Feb. 04, 2016
References
  1. McLone DG, et al. Overview of the management of myelomeningocele (spina bifida). http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 9, 2015.
  2. American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology Committee on Obstetric Practice. Committee Opinion No, 550, Maternal-fetal surgery. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2013;121:218.
  3. Adzick NS. Fetal surgery for spina bifida: Past, present and future. Seminars in Pediatric Surgery. 2013;22:10.