Blocked tear ducts are common at birth, but tear ducts can also become blocked in adulthood by infection or trauma. Treatment is almost always successful.
A cataract occurs when the normally clear lens in your eye becomes cloudy, often impairing vision. Fortunately, cataract surgery is safe and effective.
Ectropion — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, treatment of a sagging or outwardly turned eyelid.
Entropion occurs when your eyelid turns inward so that eyelashes rub against the eye. Surgery is usually necessary to relieve symptoms and prevent cornea damage.
Iritis is inflammation that affects the colored area of your eye called the iris. This serious condition can affect your vision if left untreated.
Keratoconus occurs when your cornea thins and becomes cone shaped, which can lead to worsening vision. Cone-shaped cornea usually affects teens and young adults.
Krabbe disease is a rare, inherited disorder — most often affecting infants — that impairs functioning of the central nervous system and usually leads to early death.
The term "lazy eye" refers to an eye that wanders inward or outward. Treatment ideally begins in early childhood.
Dry macular degeneration, the more common type of age-related macular degeneration, causes a loss of central vision.
Wet macular degeneration is a severe form of age-related macular degeneration.
Migraine with aura is a usually severe headache that's accompanied by visual disturbances, such as flashes of light, zigzagging patterns or blind spots.
Neurofibromatosis — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of this genetic disorder.
Noonan syndrome is caused by a mutation in one of the genes responsible for normal development in many parts of the body, including the heart.
Optic neuritis is an inflammation of the optic nerve, the structure that transmits visual information to your brain. Optic neuritis usually causes temporary vision loss.
Pseudotumor cerebri — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, treatment of increased pressure inside the skull.
Retinoblastoma is a cancerous tumor of the eye that generally affects young children. If retinoblastoma is detected early, a cure is possible.
Stickler syndrome can affect multiple parts of your body, including your eyes, face, ears, bones and joints.
Subconjunctival hemorrhage occurs when a blood vessel breaks in the white of your eye, turning it bright red. Although painful looking, it is usually harmless.
March 06, 2013
- Pediatric eye evaluations. San Francisco, Calif.: American Academy of Ophthalmology. http://one.aao.org/printerfriendly.aspx?cid=2e30f625-1b04-45b9-9b7c-c06770d02fe5. Accessed Jan. 24, 2013.
- Comprehensive eye and vision examination. American Optometric Association. http://www.aoa.org/eye-exams.xml. Accessed Jan. 24, 2013.
- Clinical practice guidelines: Comprehensive adult eye and vision examination. St. Louis, Mo.: American Optometric Association. http://www.aoa.org/eye-exams.xml Accessed Jan. 24, 2013.
- Riordan-Eva P, et al. Vaughan & Asbury's General Ophthalmology. 18th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2011. http://www.accessmedicine.com/resourceTOC.aspx?resourceID=720. Accessed Jan. 24, 2013.
- What is a doctor of optometry? American Optometric Association. http://www.aoa.org/x4891.xml. Accessed Jan. 24, 2013.