Albinism, a group of inherited disorders, can cause vision problems and unusually light skin, hair and eye color.
Blocked tear ducts are common at birth, but tear ducts can also become blocked in adulthood by infection or trauma. Treatment is almost always successful.
A cataract occurs when the normally clear lens in your eye becomes cloudy, often impairing vision. Fortunately, cataract surgery is safe and effective.
Children whose eyes don't turn inward properly to focus on close objects may have trouble reading. But eye exercises may improve the condition.
Diabetic retinopathy can cause poor vision or even blindness. Take prevention seriously.
Dizziness is one of the most common health concerns. However, few cases of dizziness are due to serious conditions.
Tears protect and lubricate your eyes. Dry eyes caused by decreased tear production or poor tear quality can interfere with clear, comfortable vision.
Ectropion — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, treatment of a sagging or outwardly turned eyelid.
Entropion occurs when your eyelid turns inward so that eyelashes rub against the eye. Surgery is usually necessary to relieve symptoms and prevent cornea damage.
Eye floaters — the black specks and strings that float inside your eyes — can sometimes be a warning sign of more-serious conditions.
Although melanoma is commonly a type of skin cancer, it can also occur in your eye. Eye exams can often detect this rare cancer.
Reduce eyestrain by following these simple tips.
With farsightedness (hyperopia) you can see objects in the distance clearly, but objects nearby are blurry. It's easily corrected with eyeglasses or contact lenses.
Fuchs' dystrophy is a condition that can affect your vision. There are ways to test for and treat this disease.
Iritis is inflammation that affects the colored area of your eye called the iris. This serious condition can affect your vision if left untreated.
Keratitis is an inflammation of the cornea — the clear, dome-shaped tissue on the front of your eye that covers the pupil and iris.
Keratoconus occurs when your cornea thins and becomes cone shaped, which can lead to worsening vision. Cone-shaped cornea usually affects teens and young adults.
Krabbe disease is a rare, inherited disorder that impairs functioning of the central nervous system, and most often affects infants, leading to early death.
The term "lazy eye" refers to an eye that wanders inward or outward. Treatment ideally begins in early childhood.
Dry macular degeneration, the more common type of age-related macular degeneration, causes a loss of central vision.
Wet macular degeneration is a severe form of age-related macular degeneration.
Migraine with aura is a usually severe headache that's accompanied by visual disturbances, such as flashes of light, zigzagging patterns or blind spots.
Multiple system atrophy is a rare degenerative disorder that affects the brain and central nervous system, and is characterized by significant decreases in blood pressure.
Nearsightedness allows you to see objects near to you clearly, but objects farther away look blurry. It's easily corrected with eyeglasses or contact lenses.
Neurofibromatosis — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of this genetic disorder.
Noonan syndrome is caused by a mutation in one of the genes responsible for normal development in many parts of the body, including the heart.
Optic neuritis is an inflammation of the optic nerve, the structure that transmits visual information to your brain. Optic neuritis usually causes temporary vision loss.
Having a preemie can be overwhelming. Here's what you need to know about your baby's care and the possible complications of a premature birth.
Presbyopia is an age-related change in vision that usually makes it difficult to focus and see things close up. Several treatment options are available.
Pseudotumor cerebri — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, treatment of increased pressure inside the skull.
Retinoblastoma is a cancerous tumor of the eye that generally affects young children. If retinoblastoma is detected early, a cure is possible.
Parenting a child with Rett syndrome can be challenging. Here's what to expect and steps you can take to help your child.
Shaken baby syndrome — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, treatment of this serious brain injury.
Sjogren's syndrome is a disorder of the immune system often defined by its two most common symptoms — dry eyes and dry mouth.
Stickler syndrome can affect multiple parts of your body, including your eyes, face, ears, bones and joints.
Subconjunctival hemorrhage occurs when a blood vessel breaks in the white of your eye, turning it bright red. Although painful looking, it is usually harmless.
Type 2 diabetes is on the rise — but here's information that may help you stop diabetes in its tracks.
Uveitis — inflammation of the eye is a serious condition that can lead to vision loss if not treated promptly.
In Wilson's disease, the body doesn't metabolize copper properly, causing excess amounts to accumulate in the liver and other organs.
Mar. 06, 2013
- Pediatric eye evaluations. San Francisco, Calif.: American Academy of Ophthalmology. http://one.aao.org/printerfriendly.aspx?cid=2e30f625-1b04-45b9-9b7c-c06770d02fe5. Accessed Jan. 24, 2013.
- Comprehensive eye and vision examination. American Optometric Association. http://www.aoa.org/eye-exams.xml. Accessed Jan. 24, 2013.
- Clinical practice guidelines: Comprehensive adult eye and vision examination. St. Louis, Mo.: American Optometric Association. http://www.aoa.org/eye-exams.xml Accessed Jan. 24, 2013.
- Riordan-Eva P, et al. Vaughan & Asbury's General Ophthalmology. 18th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2011. http://www.accessmedicine.com/resourceTOC.aspx?resourceID=720. Accessed Jan. 24, 2013.
- What is a doctor of optometry? American Optometric Association. http://www.aoa.org/x4891.xml. Accessed Jan. 24, 2013.