In-depth


Acute coronary syndrome

Acute coronary syndrome occurs when there isn't enough blood flowing through your heart. It can be felt as chest pain (angina) or a heart attack.

Angina

Angina is a common type of chest pain caused by coronary artery disease. Unstable angina can be a warning sign of a heart attack.

Anorexia nervosa

Find out what's behind this life-threatening eating disorder and how to treat it.

Aortic valve regurgitation

Aortic valve stenosis

Atrial septal defect

Broken heart syndrome

Broken heart syndrome, also called stress cardiomyopathy, mimics a heart attack. Discover how stress could trigger this puzzling condition.

Bulimia nervosa

Bulimia often leads to a secret life of shame. Find out what's behind this life-threatening disease and how to treat it.

Bundle branch block

Bundle branch block is a disorder that affects the electrical impulses traveling to your heart. It may be a sign of underlying heart disease.

Cardiogenic shock

Cardiomyopathy

Cardiomyopathy is a heart muscle disease. Treatment options depend on what type of cardiomyopathy you have.

Chest pain

Coarctation of the aorta

Coarctation of the aorta is a cardiovascular defect resulting in a narrowing of the aorta, the blood vessel that delivers oxygen-rich blood to your body.

Diabetic ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious diabetes complication. Learn the warning signs — and know when to seek emergency care.

Dilated cardiomyopathy

Dressler's syndrome

Dressler's syndrome is a complication of a heart attack, heart surgery or other traumatic injury to the heart.

Ebstein's anomaly

Ebstein's anomaly is a rare heart defect. Some people may not have any symptoms, but others may need treatment, including surgery.

Eisenmenger syndrome

Eisenmenger syndrome, a complication of congenital heart defects, can be life-threatening if not properly treated. Find out more.

Enlarged heart

Enlarged heart is often a sign of a serious heart condition. Find out causes and treatments for enlarged heart.

Heart arrhythmias

Heart attack

Heart disease

Heart disease, usually thought of as blockages in the arteries that can cause a heart attack, can describe any medical condition affecting your heart.

Heart failure

Heart failure means your heart can't efficiently pump blood throughout your body. Medications, and sometimes devices or surgery, can help you manage this condition.

Heart murmurs

This whooshing sound in your heart is usually harmless, but in some cases heart murmurs can alert your doctor to specific heart conditions.

Heart palpitations

Heart palpitations are skipped, fluttering or racing heartbeats that aren't usually a symptom of a serious heart problem. Discover the causes and symptoms of this condition.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic disorder in which heart muscle becomes abnormally thick. It's the most common cause of sudden cardiac death in young people.

Kawasaki disease

Kawasaki disease — the leading cause of acquired coronary disease in children — causes artery wall inflammation throughout the body. It affects children younger than age 5.

Left ventricular hypertrophy

Left ventricular hypertrophy, thickening of the wall of your heart's main pumping chamber, increases your risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Long QT syndrome

Long QT syndrome is an electrical disturbance that can cause sudden, rapid heart rates. It can be genetic or a side effect of medication.

Low blood pressure (hypotension)

Low blood pressure (hypotension) can be a sign of good health or of a life-threatening condition. Find out more about hypotension's causes and treatment options.

Mitral valve prolapse

Mitral valve prolapse occurs when the valve separating two of your heart's chambers malfunctions. The disorder usually isn't serious and often doesn't require surgical treatment.

Mitral valve regurgitation

Mitral valve stenosis

Myocardial ischemia

Myocardial ischemia is a heart problem that occurs when blood flow to your heart muscle is decreased, reducing the heart's oxygen supply.

Myocarditis

Myocarditis is a disease in which the heart muscle becomes inflamed and swollen, often as the result of an infection.

Noonan syndrome

Noonan syndrome is caused by a mutation in one of the genes responsible for normal development in many parts of the body, including the heart.

Orthostatic hypotension (postural hypotension)

Orthostatic hypotension (postural hypotension) is a form of low blood pressure that occurs when you stand up.

Panic attacks

Panic attacks can make you feel like you're having a heart attack. Learn how to manage these intense bursts of fear.

Pericardial effusion

Pericardial effusion, the accumulation of excess fluid in the sac-like structure around the heart, can decrease heart function and can be life-threatening.

Premature ventricular contractions

Pulmonary atresia

Pulmonary atresia is a heart defect that you're born with. Fortunately, treatment soon after birth and ongoing throughout childhood and adulthood greatly improve your prognosis.

Pulmonary valve stenosis

Rheumatic fever

Rheumatic fever, an inflammatory disease triggered by untreated or poorly treated strep throat, can cause permanent heart damage.

Secondary hypertension

Secondary hypertension is a type of high blood pressure that's caused by another medical condition. Prompt treatment is often necessary to avoid complications.

Sudden cardiac arrest

Sudden cardiac arrest is a medical emergency. Rapid treatment improves your chances of survival.

Tachycardia

Tachycardia, a rapid heart rate, is caused by an abnormality in your heart's electrical impulses. Tachycardia can cause serious complications, including sudden cardiac arrest.

Tetralogy of Fallot

Tetralogy of Fallot, a cause of "blue baby" syndrome, is a congenital heart condition resulting in oxygen-poor blood leaving the heart and entering the body.

Transposition of the great arteries

Transposition of the great arteries is a congenital heart defect in which the placement of the aorta and the pulmonary artery is switched.

Vasovagal syncope

Vasovagal syncope (fainting) is a sudden and brief loss of consciousness that occurs when the blood flow to your brain is markedly reduced.

Ventricular fibrillation

Ventricular septal defect

Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome

An abnormal electrical pathway in the heart causes the rapid heart rate of Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome.

Oct. 24, 2012