The diaphragm helps prevent pregnancy. Among various benefits, the diaphragm:
- Allows prompt return to fertility
- Can be used as a backup method of birth control
- Can be used during breast-feeding beginning six weeks after childbirth
- Can be inserted up to six hours before sex and left in place for up to 24 hours
- Doesn't require a partner's cooperation
- Has few, if any, side effects
The diaphragm isn't appropriate for everyone, however. Your health care provider may discourage use of the diaphragm if you:
May 14, 2015
- Are allergic to silicone, latex or spermicide
- Are at high risk of or have HIV/AIDS
- Are at high risk of pregnancy — you're younger than age 30, you have sex three or more times a week, you've had previous contraceptive failure with vaginal barrier methods, or you're not likely to consistently use the diaphragm
- Have vaginal abnormalities that interfere with the fit, placement or retention of the diaphragm
- Have frequent urinary tract infections
- Have a history of toxic shock syndrome
- Have significant pelvic organ prolapse, such as uterine prolapse — when the uterus descends into the vagina from its normal position in the pelvis
- Recently gave birth or had a miscarriage or an abortion
- Hatcher RA, et al. Contraceptive Technology. 20th ed. New York, N.Y.: Ardent Media; 2011:391.
- Barrier methods of contraception: Diaphragm, sponge, cervical cap and condom. Washington D.C. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. 2014.
- Barbieri RL. Barrier contraception: Diaphragm. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 13, 2014.