Complications of cystoscopy can include:

  • Infection. Rarely, cystoscopy can introduce germs into your urinary tract, causing an infection. To prevent infection, your doctor might prescribe antibiotics to take before and after your cystoscopy. Risk factors for developing a urinary tract infection after cystoscopy include advanced age, smoking and unusual anatomy in your urinary tract.
  • Bleeding. Cystoscopy might cause some blood in your urine. Serious bleeding occurs rarely.
  • Pain. You might experience abdominal pain and a burning sensation when urinating. These symptoms are generally mild and gradually decrease after the procedure.

Signs and symptoms of a serious complication

Call your doctor or go to the nearest emergency room if you experience:

  • An inability to urinate after cystoscopy
  • Bright red blood or heavy blood clots in your urine
  • Abdominal pain and nausea
  • Chills
  • A fever higher than 101.4 F (38.5 C)
  • Pain or burning during urination that lasts more than two days
Sept. 09, 2015