Acoustic neuroma

Acute kidney failure

Acute lymphocytic leukemia


Although the absence of menstruation (amenorrhea) is seldom serious, the condition can often be linked to an underlying problem requiring treatment.



Ankylosing spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis is an inflammatory arthritis that affects your spine and nearby joints. Over time, your spine may become stiff and immovable.


Aortic aneurysm

Aortic dissection




Arteriovenous fistula





Ataxia describes lack of muscle coordination while performing voluntary movements. A sign of an underlying condition, ataxia can affect any part of your body.


Back pain

Bell's palsy

Bladder cancer

Bladder stones

Bladder stones are small masses of minerals in your bladder — often forming as a result of an enlarged prostate, nerve damage or infection.

Blind loop syndrome

Blood in urine (hematuria)

Bone metastasis

Bone spurs

Brain aneurysm

Broken ankle/broken foot

Broken arm

Broken arm? If your arm hurts too much to use normally, seek prompt medical care.

Broken collarbone

Broken leg

Broken leg — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of this type of fracture.

Broken nose

Broken wrist/broken hand


Brucellosis is an infectious disease that spreads from animals to people, mainly via unpasteurized dairy products. Travelers should take special care to avoid infection.


Carcinoid syndrome

Carotid artery disease

Castleman disease

Cervical spondylosis

Chest pain


Chronic daily headaches



Concussions can be serious injuries that need sufficient time to heal.

Cough headaches


Craniosynostosis is a birth defect in which one or more of the bony plates of a baby's skull fuse prematurely, misshaping the head.

Crohn's disease

Cyclic vomiting syndrome

Cyclic vomiting syndrome can last for hours or days and shares many triggers with migraines.

Cystic fibrosis

Deep vein thrombosis

Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH)

Dilated cardiomyopathy




Tobacco smoke causes most cases of emphysema. Although quitting smoking can't reverse the damage, it can help keep this serious lung disease from becoming worse.


Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain usually caused by a viral infection. Severe cases can cause brain damage, even death.


Enlarged heart

Enlarged heart is often a sign of a serious heart condition. Find out causes and treatments for enlarged heart.

Enlarged liver

Esophageal cancer

Reduce your risk of esophageal cancer by eating more fruits and vegetables.

Exercise headaches

Eye melanoma

Fibrous dysplasia

Foot drop

Frontotemporal dementia

Gallbladder cancer


Gallstones often don't cause symptoms. But if you have a gallbladder attack, you're not likely to forget it.



Glomerulonephritis affects your kidneys' filtering function. Complications include high blood pressure, protein in the urine (proteinuria) and kidney failure.

Graves' disease


Gynecomastia, enlarged breasts in males, is a common problem. Find out about treatments and how to cope.

Hairy cell leukemia

Heart disease

Heart disease, usually thought of as blockages in the arteries that can cause a heart attack, can describe any medical condition affecting your heart.

Heart failure

Heart murmurs

Herniated disk

Back pain may mean you have a herniated disk — but not always. In fact, you can have disk herniation without pain. Here are the facts.


Caused by contractions of your diaphragm, hiccups are usually harmless. But rarely, hiccups may signal an underlying medical condition that requires treatment.

Hip fracture


Hirsutism refers to excessive hair growth in women. Possibly a result of elevated male hormones, hirsutism is often caused by an underlying condition.

Hodgkin's lymphoma

Hurthle cell cancer



Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

Inflammatory breast cancer

Intestinal ischemia

Intracranial hematoma

Invasive lobular carcinoma

Irritable bowel syndrome

Ischemic colitis

Kidney cancer

Kidney stones

Knee pain

Krabbe disease

Krabbe disease is a rare, inherited disorder — most often affecting infants — that impairs functioning of the central nervous system and usually leads to early death.



Liver disease

Lung cancer


Male breast cancer

Membranous nephropathy

Meniere's disease


Menstrual cramps

A monthly period is bad enough. Add in painful menstrual cramps, and you may be cursing this thing called womanhood. How do you get relief?



Multiple myeloma

Naegleria infection

Nasal polyps

Nasal polyps, inflammation-related growths in the nasal passages or sinuses, can block the flow of air and fluid in your nose.

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Neck pain

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

Osteochondritis dissecans


Pancreatic cancer

Pancreatic cancer is often fatal. Find out which new treatments offer hope.

Pancreatic cysts


The pain of pancreatitis, an inflammation of the pancreas, can last for days, or in chronic cases, for years. Pancreatitis can lead to serious complications.

Paraneoplastic syndromes of the nervous system

Pectus excavatum





Pleurisy is the painful inflammation of the membranes that surround your lungs. The cause can be one of a number of underlying conditions.


Pneumonitis is a general term for lung inflammation. It can cause difficulty breathing, often accompanied by a cough.

Polycystic kidney disease

Post-concussion syndrome

Post-polio syndrome

Primary aldosteronism

Primary aldosteronism is a condition in which your adrenal glands overproduce a hormone that, in excess, can cause high blood pressure. Effective treatments are available.

Primary biliary cirrhosis

Prostate cancer

Pseudotumor cerebri

Pseudotumor cerebri — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, treatment of increased pressure inside the skull.

Pulmonary valve stenosis

Rectovaginal fistula

Recurrent breast cancer

Rett syndrome

Reye's syndrome

Salivary gland cancer


Schizophrenia causes delusions, hallucinations and behavior changes. The good news is that new medications can often effectively manage schizophrenia symptoms.


Scrotal masses

Sex headaches

Shaken baby syndrome

Sheehan's syndrome

Sheehan's syndrome is a rare pituitary gland disorder that occurs in women usually as a result of severe blood loss during childbirth.

Sinus headaches


Soft tissue sarcoma

Spinal cord injury

Spinal stenosis

Sprained ankle

Swollen lymph nodes

Swollen lymph nodes usually indicate an infection, particularly in children. However, there are many causes, ranging from the common cold to cancer.


Syringomyelia is the development of a fluid-filled cyst within your spinal cord. It can cause a variety of neurological symptoms, including pain, weakness and stiffness.

Tapeworm infection

Testicular cancer

Throat cancer


Thrombophlebitis occurs when a blood clot and swelling develop in a vein, typically in your leg. The cause often is prolonged inactivity or bed rest.

Thumb arthritis

Thunderclap headaches

Toxic hepatitis

Toxic hepatitis is liver damage that occurs when your liver isn't able to break down certain toxins — including common pain relievers such as Tylenol.

Transient global amnesia

Transient ischemic attack (TIA)

Traumatic brain injury

While mild traumatic brain injury generally results in few long-term problems, more severe injury can cause several physical, emotional, behavioral, communication and cognitive problems.

Tuberous sclerosis

Ulcerative colitis

Vascular dementia


Ventricular fibrillation

Vocal cord paralysis

Vulvar cancer


Wilms' tumor

Wilson's disease

Wrist pain

Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

March 25, 2015