Why it's doneBy Mayo Clinic Staff
When used with spermicide, the cervical cap helps prevent pregnancy. Among various benefits, the cervical cap:
- Allows prompt return to fertility
- Can be used while breast-feeding beginning six weeks after delivery
- Can be inserted hours before sex and remain in place for up to 48 hours
- Doesn't require a partner's cooperation
- Poses few if any side effects
The cervical cap isn't appropriate for everyone, however. Your health care provider may discourage use of the cervical cap if you:
Jan. 06, 2015
- Are allergic to spermicide or silicone
- Are at high risk of or have HIV/AIDS
- Are at high risk of pregnancy — you're younger than age 30, you have sex three or more times a week, you've had previous contraceptive failure with vaginal barrier methods or you're not likely to consistently use the cervical cap
- Have vaginal or cervical abnormalities that interfere with the fit, placement or retention of the cervical cap
- Have vaginal bleeding or a vaginal, cervical or pelvic injury or infection
- Have a history of pelvic inflammatory disease; toxic shock syndrome; uterine, cervical or vaginal cancer; uterine tract infections; or vaginal or cervical tissue tears
- Recently gave birth or had a miscarriage or an abortion
- Hatcher RA, et al. Contraceptive Technology. 20th ed. New York, N.Y.: Ardent Media; 2011:249.
- Zieman M. Overview of contraception. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 11, 2014.
- Barrier methods of contraception: Diaphragm, sponge, cervical cap and condom. Washington, D.C. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. 2014.
- FemCap. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cftopic/pma/pma.cfm?num=p020041. Accessed Nov. 11, 2014.