DefinitionBy Mayo Clinic Staff
The canalith repositioning procedure can help relieve benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), a condition in which you have brief, but intense, episodes of dizziness that occur when you move your head. Vertigo usually comes from a problem with the part of the inner ear responsible for balance (vestibular labyrinth). BPPV occurs when tiny particles called otoconia in one part of your inner ear break loose and fall into the canals of your inner ear.
The canalith repositioning procedure can move the otoconia to a part of your ear where they won't cause dizziness. Performed in your doctor's office, the canalith repositioning procedure consists of several simple head maneuvers. The procedure is quite effective, relieving vertigo in approximately 80 percent of individuals after one or two treatments. However, the problem may recur.
June 30, 2015
- Hilton, MP et al. The Epley (canalith repositioning) manoeuvre for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Cochrane Database System Review. 2014;12:CD003162. Review.
- Gold, DR et al. Repositioning maneuvers for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Current Treatment Options Neurology. 2014;16(8):307.
- Helminski, JO. Effectiveness of the canalith repositioning procedure in the treatment of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Physical Therapy. 2014;94(10):1373. Review.
- Canalith repositioning procedure — for treatment of BPPV. Vestibular Disorders Association. http://vestibular.org/understanding-vestibular-disorders/treatment/canalith-repositioning-procedure-bppv. Accessed April 21, 2015.
- Clinical practice guideline: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. American Academy of Otolaryngology — Head and Neck Surgery Foundation. http://www.entnet.org/Practice/loader.cfm?csModule=security%2fgetfile&pageid=33697. Accessed April 21, 2015.