Amniocentesis is a procedure in which amniotic fluid is removed from the uterus for testing or treatment. Amniotic fluid is the fluid that surrounds and protects a baby during pregnancy. This fluid contains fetal cells and various chemicals produced by the baby.
Although amniocentesis can provide valuable information about your baby's health, it's important to understand the risks of amniocentesis — and be prepared for the results.
Oct. 30, 2015
- Ghidini, A. Diagnostic amniocentesis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 31, 2015.
- Pagana KD, et al. Maternal/Fetal evaluation. In: Mosby's Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests. 5th ed. St. Louis, Mo.: Elsevier Mosby; 2014.
- Frequently asked questions. Pregnancy FAQ164. Diagnostic tests for birth defects. American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Diagnostic-Tests-for-Birth-Defects. Accessed July 31, 2015.
- Cunningham FG, et al. Prenatal diagnosis. In: Williams Obstetrics. 24th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2014. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Accessed Aug. 3, 2015.
- Gabbe SG, et al. Prenatal genetic diagnosis. In: Obstetrics: Normal and Problem Pregnancies. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2012. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Aug. 3, 2015.
- American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Committee on Practice Bulletins — Obstetrics. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 88: Invasive Prenatal Testing for Aneuploidy. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2007;110:1459.
- Frequently asked questions. Pregnancy FAQ171. Cystic fibrosis: Prenatal screening and diagnosis. American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Cystic-Fibrosis-Prenatal-Screening-and-Diagnosis. Accessed July 31, 2015.
- Gillen-Goldstein J, et al. Assessment of fetal lung maturity. www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 31, 2015.
- Gibbs RS, et al. Prenatal diagnosis. In: Danforth's Obstetrics and Gynecology. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Wolters Kluwer Health Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008. http://www.danforthsobgyn.com. Accessed Aug. 3, 2015.
- Fischbach FT, et al. Prenatal diagnosis and tests of fetal well-being. In: A Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2014.
- American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Birth defects. In: Your Pregnancy and Childbirth Month to Month. 5th ed. Washington, D.C.: American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; 2010.
- Frequently asked questions. Pregnancy FAQ027. The Rh factor: How it can affect your pregnancy. American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/The-Rh-Factor-How-It-Can-Affect-Your-Pregnancy. Accessed July 31, 2015.
- Beckmann CRB, et al. Genetics and genetic disorders in obstetrics and gynecology. In: Obstetrics and Gynecology. 7th ed. Baltimore, Md.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2014.
- Moore KL, et al. Placenta and fetal membranes. In: The Developing Human: Clinically Oriented Embryology. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2013.
- 15. Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine. SMFM Consult: Risks of chorionic villus sampling and amniocentesis. Contemporary OB/GYN. 2014; 59; e.1. http://contemporaryobgyn.modernmedicine.com/contemporary-obgyn/news/RC/smfm-consult-risks-chorionic-villus-sampling-and-amniocentesis. Accessed October 13, 2015.