Active surveillance for prostate cancer avoids the side effects that may be associated with other treatment options, such as erectile dysfunction or incontinence. But there are risks associated with active surveillance:

  • The cancer can grow and spread while you wait.
  • Active surveillance requires regular prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing, and the PSA test isn't infallible. Some cancers spread before PSA levels rise.
  • If cancer spreads, you may miss the window of opportunity for effective treatment.
  • You may be anxious and have a sense of uncertainty about the status of your cancer.
Feb. 09, 2011