Urine odor refers to the scent of your urine as it flows out of your body. Your normal urine odor may be relatively mild and not too noticeable. Occasionally, your urine odor may be different in some way — ranging from sweet to foul — raising a concern about a problem or abnormality.
Apr. 23, 2014
- Brunzel NA. Fundamentals of urine and body fluid analysis. 3rd ed. St. Louis, Mo.: Elsevier Saunders; 2013:97.
- McPherson RA, et al. Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 22nd ed. Philadelphia. Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Aug. 5, 2013.
- Bope ET, et al. Conn's Current Therapy. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2013. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Aug. 5, 2013.
- Shirasu M, et al. The scent of disease: Volatile organic compounds of the human body related to disease and disorder. The Journal of Biochemistry. 2011;150:257.