Acute coronary syndrome occurs when there isn't enough blood flowing through your heart. It can be felt as chest pain (angina) or a heart attack.
Acute kidney failure is the sudden loss of your kidneys' ability to filter waste from your bloodstream. Correcting the underlying cause increases the likelihood of recovery.
Addison's disease occurs when your adrenal glands produce insufficient amounts of certain important hormones. Treatment may include taking corticosteroids.
Do you feel trapped in your own home? Do you worry about having a panic attack? Find out how agoraphobia can be treated.
Airplane ear, a problem with air pressure in the middle ear, can cause pain and muffled hearing. It can usually be treated with self-care techniques.
Alcohol can severely damage your liver — even moderate drinkers aren't immune. Learn more about this serious liver disease.
Amniotic fluid embolism — Overview covers definition, symptoms and treatment of this pregnancy or post-pregnancy condition.
Anaphylaxis is the most serious type of allergic reaction. It often occurs rapidly after exposure to an allergen and may be life-threatening.
Antibiotics save lives, but they can also have side effects. The most common are mild to severe diarrhea and a serious type of colitis.
Ascariasis is a common type of roundworm infection found worldwide. It's spread by poor hygiene and improper sanitation. Infections are effectively treated with medication.
Autoimmune hepatitis — Early detection, medications can help.
Bee stings — Comprehensive overview covers prevention, treatment of bee stings.
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involves brief episodes of dizziness when your head is placed in particular positions. The condition is easily treated.
A microscopic parasite causes Blastocystis hominis infection. Experts disagree as to whether this infection causes diarrhea and other associated signs and symptoms.
Botulism, a rare and dangerous condition, is usually the result of eating food — often canned goods contaminated by bacteria that release a powerful toxin.
C. difficile can be a life-threatening infection. It typically develops when antibiotics destroy other bacteria in your intestines, allowing C. difficile to flourish.
Carcinoid tumors are rare, slow-growing cancerous tumors that most often occur in the gastrointestinal tract or in the lungs.
Celiac disease is an immune reaction to gluten, a protein found in certain foods. As a result, the body is unable to absorb some important nutrients.
Cholera causes severe diarrhea and can kill in a matter of hours, yet can be easily treated with oral or intravenous fluids.
Chronic kidney disease, often caused by diabetes or high blood pressure, is the gradual loss of kidney function. Early detection and treatment can help.
Chronic sinusitis involves long-term inflammation or infection of the sinus cavities. Medications can help, and in rare cases surgery can treat this painful condition.
Churg-Strauss syndrome is a rare disorder marked by blood vessel inflammation that affects organs throughout the body. Asthma is the most common sign.
Concussions can be serious injuries that need sufficient time to heal.
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia is a genetic condition affecting the adrenal glands and interfering with normal growth and development in boys and girls.
Constipation in children is common. Often, simple changes in diet and routine are helpful.
Cryptosporidium infection may cause diarrhea in healthy people, but for people with HIV/AIDS and weakened immune systems, the illness can cause serious complications.
Cyclic vomiting syndrome can last for hours or days and shares many triggers with migraines.
Diabetes insipidus is a rare condition characterized by intense thirst and the excretion of large amounts of urine.
A diabetic coma is a medical emergency. Minimize the effects with prompt treatment.
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious diabetes complication. Learn the warning signs — and know when to seek emergency care.
Ear infections are common in children. These bacterial or viral infections of the middle ear can cause mild to severe ear pain.
Ehrlichiosis is a tick-borne disease that causes flu-like symptoms. When you're outdoors, be aware of steps to prevent tick bites.
Encephalitis is inflammation of the brain usually caused by a viral infection. Severe cases can cause brain damage, even death.
Endometriosis is a common and often painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus grows outside your uterus.
You can get an enlarged liver from a number of medical problems or personal habits. Treatment depends on what's causing the enlargement.
Food allergy symptoms can make you miserable. Unfortunately, there's no cure — but there are steps you can take to keep your symptoms in check.
Food poisoning has many forms, and some can be serious. Here's how to recognize food poisoning and ways to prevent getting sick.
Giardia infection is a common waterborne illness. Learn the symptoms and reduce your risk.
Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that, left untreated, can seriously damage your optic nerve and lead to blindness.
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is initiated by a rodent-carried virus that infects the lung tissues, bringing on flu-like symptoms, respiratory problems and even death.
Children of all ages experience headaches, but the causes aren't all the same. Here's how to help your child.
Hemolytic uremic syndrome is an uncommon condition that can cause life-threatening kidney failure, especially for children and older adults.
Henoch-Schonlein purpura causes inflammation of small blood vessels (vasculitis) and often a purplish rash. It's most common in children ages 2 to 6.
Hirschsprung's disease, a disease of the colon, is present at birth and can cause serious problems passing stool.
Indigestion can ruin meals and make you feel uncomfortable. Take steps to prevent symptoms like upset stomach, bloating and pain.
Spit up happens. Often, changes in feeding technique help keep reflux under control.
Intestinal ischemia occurs when the blood supply to your digestive system is reduced. Abdominal pain is a common symptom. Several treatment options are available.
Intestinal obstruction — a serious condition that requires prompt medical attention — occurs when a blockage of the intestine prevents food or fluid from passing through.
A rare but serious disorder, intussusception occurs when one part of the intestine slides into an adjacent part, often causing intestinal obstruction.
Kawasaki disease — the leading cause of acquired coronary disease in children — causes artery wall inflammation throughout the body. It affects children younger than age 5.
Krabbe disease is a rare, inherited disorder — most often affecting infants — that impairs functioning of the central nervous system and usually leads to early death.
Legionnaires' disease, a severe form of pneumonia, is caused by bacteria that can live in water in air conditioning systems, showers and spas.
Most people exposed to listeria don't become ill. But for those at risk of a listeria infection — a foodborne illness — the consequences can be severe.
The risk of liver cancer may be reduced by protecting yourself from serious liver diseases such as cirrhosis and hepatitis B and C.
Liver hemangioma is the most common type of noncancerous (benign) liver mass. Learn how doctors treat liver hemangioma.
Low blood pressure (hypotension) can be a sign of good health or of a life-threatening condition. Find out more about hypotension's causes and treatment options.
Malaria is one of the oldest diseases on Earth and is still one of the leading killers.
Fever, headache and stiff neck are common signs and symptoms of meningitis — an infection of the membranes and fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
A monthly period is bad enough. Add in painful menstrual cramps, and you may be cursing this thing called womanhood. How do you get relief?
Mesenteric lymphadenitis is an inflammation of the lymph nodes in the tissue that attaches various organs to your abdominal wall (mesentery). It mainly affects children.
A migraine isn't an ordinary headache. In addition to severe head pain, it can cause nausea, vomiting, and extreme sensitivity to light and sound.
Myocardial ischemia is a heart problem that occurs when blood flow to your heart muscle is decreased, reducing the heart's oxygen supply.
Summertime freshwater swimming may put you at risk of this rare but often fatal infection. Learn more about your risks and how to protect yourself.
Noroviruses cause an intestinal flu-like illness that typically resolves within days. Norovirus infection is highly contagious, especially in closed settings like hospitals and cruise ships.
Orthostatic hypotension (postural hypotension) is a form of low blood pressure that occurs when you stand up.
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, treatment of this complication of infertility treatment.
Most cysts in the pancreas aren't malignant, but tests are needed to determine the best course of treatment.
The pain of pancreatitis, an inflammation of the pancreas, can last for days, or in chronic cases, for years. Pancreatitis can lead to serious complications.
Panic attacks can make you feel like you're having a heart attack. Learn how to manage these intense bursts of fear.
Peanut allergy can be serious. Find out what you need to know to prevent a life-threatening reaction.
Peptic ulcers are painful sores that commonly affect the lining of your stomach and upper small intestine. The most frequent cause is a treatable infection.
Pituitary tumors are abnormal growths in the pituitary gland in the brain. Most are noncancerous (benign). Some may cause overproduction of hormones and associated problems.
Plague is a disease carried by rats and other rodents. The risk of developing plague is low, and most cases occur in Africa.
One of the most feared diseases of the 20th century, polio has been eradicated from the developed world but remains a threat in less developed nations.
Polymorphous light eruption is a sun-induced skin rash affecting people who develop a sensitivity to sunlight.
Porphyria is a group of inherited disorders that result from buildup of natural chemicals call porphyrins, which can cause nervous system and skin problems.
Pseudomembranous colitis is an inflammation of the colon that occurs most often in people using antibiotics.
Pseudotumor cerebri — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, causes, treatment of increased pressure inside the skull.
Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, treatment of this uncommon digestive condition in infants.
Radiation sickness is the effect of high doses of radiation on the body. The severity of illness depends on how much radiation the body absorbs.
Rotavirus causes severe diarrhea in infants and children. Most cases can be treated at home with extra fluids.
A ruptured eardrum causes hearing loss and can give bacteria easy access to your middle ear. A ruptured eardrum usually heals without treatment.
Salmonella infection will cause only diarrhea and stomach pain in some people, but for infants and immunocompromised people, this bacterial illness can cause life-threatening complications.
Scarlet fever is a bacterial infection that causes a rash, fever and sore throat and usually affects children and adolescents.
Spider bites — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, complications, treatment of spider bites.
Find out about this rare cause of heart attack in young, healthy people.
Reduce your risk of stomach cancer by eating more fruits and vegetables.
Strep throat is a bacterial throat infection. It typically causes a very sore throat and is treated with antibiotics.
Sudden cardiac arrest is a medical emergency. Rapid treatment improves your chances of survival.
Swine flu — Comprehensive overview covers swine flu symptoms, tests, treatment and prevention.
Toxic hepatitis is liver damage that occurs when your liver isn't able to break down certain toxins — including common pain relievers such as Tylenol.
While mild traumatic brain injury generally results in few long-term problems, more severe injury can cause several physical, emotional, behavioral, communication and cognitive problems.
Traveler's diarrhea is unpleasant. Find out how to avoid this travel-related health problem.
Tularemia is a rare, highly infectious disease spread by insects and wild animals. Landscapers, hunters and laboratory workers are especially at risk.
Vasovagal syncope (fainting) is a sudden and brief loss of consciousness that occurs when the blood flow to your brain is markedly reduced.
In Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, tumors in the pancreas or duodenum secrete a hormone called gastrin that leads to excessive stomach acid and ulcers.
Sept. 04, 2014
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- Di Lorenzo C. Approach to the infant or child with nausea and vomiting. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Aug. 1, 2014.
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