Nausea and vomiting may occur separately or together. Common causes include:

  1. Chemotherapy
  2. Gastroparesis (a condition in which the muscles of the stomach wall don't function properly, interfering with digestion)
  3. General anesthesia
  4. Intestinal obstruction
  5. Migraine
  6. Morning sickness
  7. Motion sickness: First aid
  8. Rotavirus
  9. Viral gastroenteritis (stomach flu)
  10. Vestibular neuritis

Other possible causes of nausea and vomiting include:

  1. Acute liver failure
  2. Alcohol use disorder
  3. Anaphylaxis
  4. Anorexia nervosa
  5. Appendicitis
  6. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)
  7. Brain tumor
  8. Bulimia nervosa
  9. Cholecystitis
  10. Crohn's disease
  11. Cyclic vomiting syndrome
  12. Depression (major depressive disorder)
  13. Diabetic ketoacidosis
  14. Dizziness
  15. Ear infection (middle ear)
  16. Enlarged spleen (splenomegaly)
  17. Fever
  18. Food poisoning
  19. Gallstones
  20. Generalized anxiety disorder
  21. GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease)
  22. Heart attack
  23. Heart failure
  24. Hepatitis
  25. Hiatal hernia
  26. Hydrocephalus
  27. Hyperparathyroidism (overactive parathyroid)
  28. Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid)
  29. Hypoparathyroidism (underactive parathyroid)
  30. Intestinal ischemia
  31. Intestinal obstruction
  32. Intracranial hematoma
  33. Intussusception (in children)
  34. Irritable bowel syndrome
  35. Medications (including aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories, oral contraceptives, digitalis, narcotics and antibiotics)
  36. Meniere's disease
  37. Meningitis
  38. Milk allergy
  39. Pancreatic cancer
  40. Pancreatitis
  41. Peptic ulcer
  42. Pseudotumor cerebri
  43. Pyloric stenosis (in infants)
  44. Radiation therapy
  45. Severe pain
  46. Toxin ingestion

Causes shown here are commonly associated with this symptom. Work with your doctor or other health care professional for an accurate diagnosis.

June 16, 2017