CausesBy Mayo Clinic Staff
Possible causes of kidney pain include:
- Bleeding in your kidney (hemorrhage)
- Blood clots in kidney veins (renal vein thrombosis)
- Kidney cancer or a kidney tumor
- Kidney cysts (enlargement or rupture)
- Kidney infection (pyelonephritis)
- Kidney stones
- Kidney swelling due to a backup of urine (hydronephrosis)
- Polycystic kidney disease
Kidney stones are likely to cause pain only when they start to move out of the kidney. Also, it's possible to have one of these conditions, particularly most kidney cancers, and not have kidney pain.
March 30, 2017
Causes shown here are commonly associated with this symptom. Work with your doctor or other health care professional for an accurate diagnosis.
- Kidney pain. American Kidney Fund. http://www.kidneyfund.org/kidney-disease/kidney-problems/kidney-pain.html. Accessed Jan. 14, 2017.
- Steinman TI, et al. Pain syndromes in autosomal dominate polycystic kidney disease. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 14, 2017.
- Kidney infection (pyelonephritis). National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/kidney-disease/kidney-infection-pyelonephritis. Accessed Jan. 14, 2017.
- Douglas, G, et al. The renal system. In: Macleod's Clinical Examination. 13th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2013. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Jan. 14, 2017.