The most common cause of groin pain is muscle, tendon or ligament strain, particularly in athletes who play sports such as hockey, soccer and football. Groin pain may occur immediately after an injury, or pain may come on gradually over a period of weeks or even months. Groin pain may be worsened by continued use of the injured area.

Less commonly, a bone injury or fracture, a hernia, or even kidney stones may cause groin pain. Although testicle pain and groin pain are different, a testicle condition can sometimes cause pain that spreads to the groin area.

Direct and indirect causes of groin pain can include:

  1. Avascular necrosis (death of bone tissue due to limited blood flow)
  2. Avulsion fracture: How is it treated? (ligament or tendon pulled from the bone)
  3. Bursitis (joint inflammation)
  4. Epididymitis (testicle inflammation)
  5. Hydrocele (swelling of the scrotum)
  6. Inguinal hernia
  7. Kidney stones
  8. Mumps
  9. Muscle strain
  10. Orchitis (inflamed testicle)
  11. Osteoarthritis
  12. Pinched nerve
  13. Piriformis syndrome
  14. Retractile testicle (testicle that moves between the scrotum and abdomen)
  15. Sciatica
  16. Scrotal masses
  17. Spermatocele (fluid buildup in the testicle)
  18. Stress fractures
  19. Swollen lymph nodes
  20. Tendinitis
  21. Testicular cancer
  22. Testicular torsion (twisted testicle)
  23. Salpingitis (inflammation of the fallopian tubes)
  24. Varicocele (enlarged veins in the scrotum)

Causes shown here are commonly associated with this symptom. Work with your doctor or other health care professional for an accurate diagnosis.

May 30, 2014