Treatment varies by individual, but usually includes making the sleep environment safer and making other lifestyle changes to decrease the likelihood of episodes. It might also include anticipatory awakenings or hypnosis — highly effective options that are usually preferred over medication.
The sleeper is awakened about 15 minutes before he or she usually sleepwalks, and then kept awake through the duration of a typical episode. After 1-4 weeks of these awakenings, episodes usually become less frequent or even disappear.
A psychologist in the sleep center initially performs the hypnosis and then teaches the patient to self-apply the technique (self-hypnosis).
Sometimes drugs such as antidepressants or benzodiazepines may be prescribed to prevent episodes.