In some cases, pulmonary valve disease can be monitored or its symptoms treated with medication. But if the stenosis or regurgitation is severe, you may need repair or replacement of your pulmonary valve. Mayo Clinic is one of the country's leading medical centers for heart valve surgery.
Mayo heart specialists consider your pulmonary valve disease, its severity, your symptoms and your input when they create a customized treatment plan. Treatment for pulmonary valve disease may include:
If you have no symptoms and tests reveal mild or moderate disease, your doctor may recommend regular checkups to monitor for any changes in your pulmonary heart valve. You may also need to take antibiotics prior to any dental or surgical procedures in order to avoid contracting bacterial endocarditis, a serious infection of the heart and its valves.
Your doctor may prescribe medications to control shortness of breath, reduce your heart's workload or regulate your heart's rhythm. For most people, medication alone can't slow the progression of pulmonary valve disease.
During cardiac catheterization, doctors thread a tube through a vein in your leg and up to your heart. Then, they insert instruments through the tube to perform procedures on the heart. Mayo Clinic doctors offer procedures such as balloon valvuloplasty or percutaneous pulmonary valve therapy to repair the pulmonary valve. These procedures are available to select patients who fit the criteria for this type of treatment.
Heart valve repair can involve separating fused valve cusps, sewing torn cusps or reshaping parts of the valve to allow it to close tightly. More commonly, surgeons replace the pulmonary valve with an artificial valve, which may need to be replaced again after a number of years.
Mayo Clinic heart doctors have developed innovative surgical techniques to treat heart valve disease, including using minimally invasive surgery. During minimally invasive surgery, Mayo surgeons repair or replace the valve through small incisions.
At Mayo Clinic, your team of doctors will discuss options for heart surgery with you in detail, taking into consideration your disease, symptoms, age and any risk factors.
Read more about endocarditis.