Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in a man's prostate — a small walnut-shaped gland that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.
Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. Prostate cancer usually grows slowly and initially remains confined to the prostate gland, where it may not cause serious harm. While some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and may need minimal or no treatment, other types are aggressive and can spread quickly.
Prostate cancer that is detected early — when it's still confined to the prostate gland — has a better chance of successful treatment.
Why choose Mayo Clinic
- Experience and teamwork. At Mayo Clinic, an expert team of urologists, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists and other specialists, if needed, work together to provide the best care possible. Mayo Clinic specialists treat more than 13,000 men with prostate cancer each year.
- Full range of treatments available. Mayo Clinic offers a complete range of prostate cancer treatments. These include active surveillance, radiation therapy — including intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and brachytherapy. Hormone therapy, surgery to remove the prostate (prostatectomy), cryosurgery and chemotherapy are also available.
- Cutting-edge diagnostic and treatment options. Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., is currently the only medical center in North America approved by the Food and Drug Administration to prepare and administer Choline C-11 PET scan to help detect sites of prostate cancer that have returned despite treatment (recurrent prostate cancer). Choline C-11 PET scan may be used when other imaging has not been helpful.
Choline C-11 PET scan is a positron emission tomography (PET) scan that uses a special chemical tracer called Choline C-11 Injection. Choline C-11 PET scan may help doctors detect possible sites of recurrent prostate cancer that more conventional imaging tests can't identify. Locating recurrent prostate cancer sooner may allow your doctor to identify small, isolated deposits of cancer — both inside and outside your prostate — that can be targeted for more-effective treatment.
Mayo Clinic is a pioneer in radical prostatectomy and also has made significant advances in the use of robotic prostatectomy technology and techniques. In this minimally invasive procedure, a robotic system allows smaller and more-precise incisions that promote faster recovery than does traditional open or laparoscopic surgery.
Mayo Clinic's Proton Beam Therapy Program is currently under construction at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., and at Mayo Clinic in Scottsdale, Ariz. Mayo Clinic's program will employ intensity-modulated proton beam therapy using pencil beam scanning. This will permit greater control of radiation doses, shorter treatment times and reduced side effects.
- Latest research. Researchers at Mayo Clinic investigate many issues related to prostate cancer, such as long-term outcomes after surgery. For decades, Mayo Clinic has been compiling a database, believed to be the largest of its kind, which includes records from men who have had prostate cancer surgery. This information can help doctors determine the most effective treatment for each person.
- Comprehensive cancer center. Mayo Clinic Cancer Center meets strict standards for a National Cancer Institute comprehensive cancer center, which recognizes scientific excellence and a multispecialty approach focused on cancer prevention, diagnosis and treatment.
Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., is ranked among the Best Hospitals for cancer by U.S. News & World Report. Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Fla., and Mayo Clinic in Scottsdale, Ariz., are ranked high performing for cancer by U.S. News & World Report.
Mayo Clinic: Answers you can trust
At Mayo Clinic, we assemble a team of specialists who take the time to listen and thoroughly understand your health issues and concerns. We tailor the care you receive to your personal health care needs. You can trust our specialists to collaborate and offer you the best possible outcomes, safety and service.
Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit medical institution that reinvests all earnings into improving medical practice, research and education. We're constantly involved in innovation and medical research, finding solutions to improve your care and quality of life. Your doctor or someone on your medical team is likely involved in research related to your condition.
Our patients tell us that the quality of their interactions, our attention to detail and the efficiency of their visits mean health care — and trusted answers — like they've never experienced.
Why Choose Mayo Clinic
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