So-called "natural" steroids, which are sold as over-the-counter supplements at many health food stores, aren't safe. Because natural steroids contain "natural" substances that aren't chemically altered, they can be marketed as dietary supplements — which are subject to limited regulation by the Food and Drug Administration. Still, they can have the same harmful effects as synthetic steroids.
Although prescription steroids have legitimate medical uses, it's important to remember that steroids of any type have significant risks. When used inappropriately, steroids can cause various long-lasting or irreversible health problems, including:
- Mood swings, aggression and violent behavior
- Sexual dysfunction or infertility
- Increased low-density lipoprotein (LDL), or "bad," cholesterol
- Decreased high-density lipoprotein (HDL), or "good," cholesterol
- High blood pressure
- Liver damage
If you're hoping to increase strength and build muscle, don't count on "natural" steroids or other medications. Eat a healthy diet and include regular strength training in your workout routine.
Dec. 12, 2009
- Hoffman JR, et al. Performance-enhancing substances. In: Baechle TR, et al. Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning. 3rd ed. Champaign, Ill.: Human Kinetics; 2008:179.
- Snyder PJ. Use of androgens and other drugs by athletes. http://www.uptodate.com/home/index.html. Accessed Sept. 8, 2009.
- Public health advisory: The FDA recommends that consumers should not use body building products marketed as containing steroids or steroid-like substances. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/PublicHealthAdvisories/ucm173935.htm. Accessed Sept. 8, 2009.
- Fernandez MMF, et al. Performance-enhancing drugs snare nonathletes, too. Journal of Family Practice. 2009;58:16.