In-depth

Causes

Heart disease

Heart disease, usually thought of as blockages in the arteries that can cause a heart attack, can describe any medical condition affecting your heart.

Complications

Heart attack

Heart failure

Mitral valve prolapse

Mitral valve prolapse occurs when the valve separating two of your heart's chambers malfunctions. The disorder usually isn't serious and often doesn't require surgical treatment.

Myocardial ischemia

Symptoms

Angina

Nov. 09, 2016
References
  1. Angiogram. Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions. http://www.secondscount.org/tests/test-detail?cid=def4661c-6a8d-4e13-a7c7-0751770609ee#.V8OOdDUmGLU. Accessed Aug. 29, 2016.
  2. Fuster V, et al., eds. Cardiac catheterization, cardiac angiography, and coronary blood flow and pressure measurements. In: Hurst's The Heart. 13th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2011. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Accessed Aug. 26, 2016.
  3. Cardiac catheterization. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartAttack/SymptomsDiagnosisofHeartAttack/Cardiac-Catheterization_UCM_451486_Article.jsp#.V8OeeTUmGLU. Accessed Aug. 28, 2016.
  4. Longo DL, et al., eds. Diagnostic cardiac catheterization and coronary angiography. In: Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 19th ed. New York, N.Y.: McGraw-Hill Education; 2015. http://accessmedicine.com. Accessed Aug. 26, 2016.
  5. Cardiac catheterization. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/cath/#. Accessed Aug. 28, 2016.
  6. Goldman L, et al., eds. Catheterization and angiography. In: Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Aug. 28, 2016.
  7. Angiogram. Society for Vascular Surgery. https://vascular.org/print/patient-resources/vascular-tests/angiogram. Accessed Aug. 28, 2016.