Overview

Pleurisy (PLOOR-ih-see) is a condition in which the pleura — a membrane consisting of a layer of tissue that lines the inner side of the chest cavity and a layer of tissue that surrounds the lungs — becomes inflamed. Also called pleuritis, pleurisy causes sharp chest pain (pleuritic pain) that worsens during breathing.

A variety of underlying conditions can cause pleurisy. Treatment of pleurisy involves pain control and treating the underlying condition.

Nov. 12, 2016
References
  1. What are pleurisy and other pleural disorders? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pleurisy/. Accessed Sept. 12, 2016.
  2. Ferri FF. Pleurisy. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2017. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2017. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Sept. 12, 2016.
  3. Mason RJ, et al. Pleural effusion. In: Murray and Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Sept. 12, 2016.
  4. Kliegman RM, et al. Pleurisy, pleural effusions, and empyema. In: Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 20th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Sept. 12, 2016.
  5. Patient information: Pleuritic chest pain. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 12, 2016.
  6. Lee YCG. Diagnostic evaluation of pleural effusion in adults: Additional tests for undetermined etiology. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 12, 2016.
  7. Sheski FD. An overview of medical thoracoscopy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 19, 2016.