Mayo Clinic orthopedic surgeons perform approximately 1,500 hip replacement surgeries annually. Typically, your treatment team will exhaust all nonsurgical treatment alternatives before recommending hip replacement surgery.
They work with you to select the appropriate hip replacement surgery option depending on your needs and medical history. Options include:
Some of the muscles around the hip are detached to expose the joint. Then, the damaged bone and cartilage are removed and the artificial joint (prosthesis) is inserted. The new socket attaches to your pelvic bone and the ball to the top of the thighbone (femur).
Hip replacement surgery is now usually performed using minimally invasive techniques with smaller incisions, made in between muscles rather than by splitting or detaching them.
These techniques are typically used with regional anesthesia and pain management strategies, developed by Mayo Clinic anesthesiologists, that can eliminate the need for large doses of intravenous narcotic medications, while reducing unnecessary side effects and speeding up your recovery.
Minimally invasive techniques comprise:
Two other options are used selectively at Mayo Clinic for appropriate candidates:
Following surgery, you'll have access to all of the rehabilitation services you'll need to strengthen your hip muscles and increase your mobility, including physical therapy, extensive patient education from nursing staff and advanced, targeted pain management approaches developed by Mayo Clinic specialists. Patients generally stay in the hospital for a few days.