The most important aspect of treatment of hearing loss in children is early detection, before a baby is 6 months old. Older toddlers and infants who are at greater risk of hearing loss should be screened every six months until age 3 and, if necessary, at regular intervals thereafter.
Two diagnostic procedures are used to gather information about a child's hearing: otoacoustic emissions and, in a few instances, an auditory brainstem response.
Toddler hearing screening methods use behavioral techniques to determine the nature and degree of hearing impairment.
Some children can have hearing loss caused by prenatal infections, genetic factors or other problems. Sensorineural hearing loss cannot be cured with medicine or surgery, but hearing aids and other devices can help children hear and develop speech and language.
Some children with severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss may be good candidates for cochlear implants.