I've heard that eating negative-calorie foods might be a good diet strategy. But what exactly are they?
Answers from Donald Hensrud, M.D.
The Internet abounds with lists of purported negative-calorie foods — foods that supposedly take more energy to digest than they provide in calories. Many of these foods are vegetables and fruits, which can be part of an overall healthy diet plan. But they're probably not negative-calorie.
The theory is that you can lose weight by eating lots of these negative-calorie foods. Celery is a commonly cited example because it's mainly water and fiber. Proponents claim that you will burn more calories digesting celery than it contains, for a net loss.
Here's the reality. Throughout the day, about 5 to 10 percent of your total energy expenditure goes to digest and store the nutrients in the food you eat. Foods that contain few calories, such as celery and other nonstarchy vegetables, provide a small number of calories but still require energy to digest. That means it is theoretically possible to have a negative-calorie food, but there are no reputable scientific studies to prove that certain foods have this effect.
The bottom line: Following extreme diets that promote eating only a few foods can cause you to miss out on important nutrients. The key to successful weight loss is adopting a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced diet and regular exercise.
Jun. 19, 2012
- About the buzz: Some foods have a negative calorie effect. Produce for Better Health Foundation. http://www.fruitsandveggiesmorematters.org/some-foods-have-a-negative-calorie-effect. Accessed April 11, 2012.
- Duyff RL. American Dietetic Association Complete Food and Nutrition Guide. 4th ed. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons; 2012:28.
- Zeratsky KA (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. April 12, 2012.
- USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 24. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. http://ndb.nal.usda.gov. Accessed April 3, 2012.
- Bray GA, et al. Pathogenesis of obesity. http://www.uptodate.com/index. Accessed April 3, 2012.