Understand the health risks
Pregnant teens and their babies are at higher risk of health problems than are pregnant women who are older. The most common complications for pregnant teens — especially those younger than age 15 and those who don't receive prenatal care — include a low level of iron in the blood (anemia), high blood pressure and preterm labor.
Babies born to teen mothers are more likely to be born prematurely and have a low birth weight.
Promote proper prenatal care
A pregnant teen can improve her chances of having a healthy baby by taking good care of herself. If your daughter decides to continue the pregnancy, encourage her to:
- Seek prenatal care. During pregnancy, regular prenatal visits can help your daughter's health care provider monitor your daughter's health and the baby's health.
- Get tested for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). If your teen has an STI, treatment is essential.
- Eat a healthy diet. During pregnancy, your daughter will need more folic acid, calcium, iron, protein and other essential nutrients. A daily prenatal vitamin can help fill any gaps. In addition, your daughter might need extra calcium and phosphorus because her own bones are still growing.
- Stay physically active. Regular physical activity can help ease or even prevent discomfort, boost your teen's energy level, and improve her overall health. It can also help her prepare for childbirth. Encourage your daughter to get her health care provider's OK before starting or continuing an exercise program, especially if she has an underlying medical condition.
- Gain weight wisely. Gaining the right amount of weight can support the baby's health — and make it easier for your teen to lose weight after delivery. Encourage your daughter to work with her health care provider to determine what's right for her.
- Avoid risky substances. Alcohol, tobacco, marijuana and other illegal drugs are off-limits during pregnancy. Even prescription and over-the-counter medications deserve caution. Remind your daughter to clear any medications or supplements with her health care provider ahead of time.
- Take childbirth classes. These classes can help prepare your daughter for pregnancy, childbirth, breast-feeding and being a parent.
If your daughter lacks the money or transportation to obtain prenatal care — or needs help continuing her education — a counselor or social worker might be able to help.
Prepare for the future
Teenage pregnancy often has a negative impact on a teen's future. Teen mothers are less likely to graduate from high school and to attend college, are more likely to live in poverty, and are at risk of domestic violence. Teen fathers tend to finish fewer years of school than do older fathers. They're also less likely to have a job.
Children of teen parents also are more likely to have health and cognitive conditions and are more likely to be neglected or abused. Girls born to teen parents are more likely to experience teenage pregnancy themselves.
If your daughter decides to continue the pregnancy, address these challenges head-on. Discuss her goals and how she might go about achieving them as a parent. Look for programs to help pregnant teens remain in school or complete course work from home. Encourage your daughter to take parenting classes and help her prepare to financially support and raise a child.
Whatever choice your daughter makes, be there for her as much as possible. Your love and support will help her deal with pregnancy and the challenges ahead.
Jan. 10, 2015
See more In-depth
- Chacko MR. Pregnancy in adolescents. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 5, 2014.
- Frequently asked questions. Especially for teens FAQ103. Having a baby. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Having-a-Baby-Especially-for-Teens. Accessed Sept. 5, 2014.
- Committee to Reexamine IOM Pregnancy Weight Guidelines, Food and Nutrition Board, and Board on Children, Youth and Families. Weight gain during pregnancy: Reexamining the guidelines. Institute of Medicine and National Research Council. http://www.nap.edu. Accessed June 26, 2014.
- Frequently asked questions. Pregnancy FAQ170. Tobacco, alcohol, drugs, and pregnancy. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Tobacco-Alcohol-Drugs-and-Pregnancy. Accessed Sept. 5, 2014.
- Frequently asked questions. Gynecologic problems FAQ071. Gonorrhea, chlamydia, and syphilis. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Gonorrhea-Chlamydia-and-Syphilis. Accessed Sept. 5, 2014.
- Paranjothy S, et al. Teenage pregnancy: Who suffers? Archives of Disease in Childhood. 2009;94:239.