By Mayo Clinic Staff
Sexual health basics
Sexuality is part of being human. Love, affection and intimacy all play a role in healthy relationships from childhood through old age.
You often hear about the importance of physical health, mental health and spiritual health, but feeling confident about your sexual health also is very important. Achieving sexual health allows for:
- Healthy relationships
- Planned pregnancies
- Disease prevention
That's why it's essential to be well-informed about all aspects of sexual health and what it takes to have a fulfilling sex life. Similarly, it's important to be aware of factors that can complicate your sexual health. Don't let embarrassment keep you from bringing up concerns or asking questions of your doctor or other health care providers.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), or sexually transmitted infections (STIs), are infections generally acquired by sexual contact. You can get an STI by having unprotected sex with a partner who's infected.
But, you can't always tell if someone is infected, because many STIs cause no symptoms. In fact, many people have an STI without knowing it.
That's why you have to be vigilant about STI prevention. If you're sexually active, it is important to have only one partner, and to talk about your plans to remain exclusive with each other. Barrier methods of birth control, such as condoms, help reduce your risk of getting most STIs.
Women's sexual health
Women's sexual health is an important aspect of women's health, whether you're trying to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections or you're worried about low sex drive or other women's sexual health problems.
Learn how to achieve a fulfilling sexual relationship, and know how to protect yourself from sexually transmitted infections. As you get older, understand common changes in women's sexual health — and how to maintain a healthy and enjoyable sex life at any age.
Men's sexual health
Men's sexual health is an important aspect of men's health, whether you're trying to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections or you're worried about erectile dysfunction or other men's sexual health problems.
For some men, worries about penis size top the list of their sexual health concerns. However, you're probably more normal than you think — and penis-enlargement products and procedures aren't likely to be effective.
As you get older, understand common changes in men's sexual health — and how to maintain a healthy and enjoyable sex life at any age.
Sex and aging
Can older adults remain sexually active? Yes! Many older adults desire and enjoy an active sex life.
And an active interest in sex, as well as satisfaction with the frequency and quality of sexual activity, is positively associated with health in later life. So don't let anyone tell you that sex is only for the young.
Of course, there are some challenges when it comes to sex and aging. Physical changes, illness, disabilities and some medicines can make sex challenging or difficult to enjoy.
Yet, many resources are available to older adults to help them achieve a satisfying sex life. Don't be afraid to bring up concerns with your doctor or other health care provider. And remember, whatever your age, take precautions to protect yourself from sexually transmitted infections.
Talking to kids about sex
Kids and sexuality — those words strike fear into the hearts of many parents. But talking to kids about sex is an important part of parenting. Children and adolescents need your guidance to help them make healthy and appropriate decisions about their sexual behavior.
When it comes to talking to kids about sex, there's no standard script for how to approach this topic. Your decision to educate your children about sexuality will likely be based on the child's maturity, as well as your personal goals and values. Look for everyday opportunities and let your child set the pace with his or her questions.
As your child matures and asks more-detailed questions, you can provide more-detailed responses.
It's normal to feel uncomfortable when talking to kids about sex. But remember that by providing accurate and open communication, you increase the odds that your child will understand your values and make appropriate choices about sex.
Aug. 17, 2016
- Gay, CL, et al. Prevention of sexually transmitted infections. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 31, 2016.
- Information for teens and young adults: Staying healthy and preventing STDs. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/std/life-stages-populations/stdfact-teens.htm. Accessed July 31, 2016.
- Sexual difficulties. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women's Health. http://womenshealth.gov/aging/sexual-health/sexual-difficulties.html. Accessed July 26, 2016.
- Sexuality in later life. National Institute on Aging. https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/publication/sexuality-later-life. Accessed July 26, 2016.
- Q&A — Penis enlargement. BMJ. 2005;330:280.
- Levine SB, et al. Facilitating parent-child communication about sexuality. Pediatrics in Review. 2011;32:129.
- Start the conversation. American Sexual Health Association. http://www.ashasexualhealth.org/parents/how-to-start-the-conversation/. Accessed July 9, 2016.