Tummy time — placing a baby on his or her stomach while awake and supervised — can help your baby develop strong head, neck and shoulder muscles and promote certain motor skills. Tummy time can also prevent the back of your baby's head from becoming flat (positional plagiocephaly).
A baby's skull is soft and made up of several movable plates. If a baby's head is left in the same position for long periods of time, the skull plates might move in a way that creates a flat spot. While it's recommended that you place your baby on his or her back to sleep to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), tummy time gives a baby the chance to experience a different position. This can help reduce the risk of flat spots.
Research also suggests that babies who spend time on their tummies crawl on their stomachs earlier than do babies who don't practice tummy time. The more time babies spend on their tummies, the earlier they might begin to roll over, crawl on their stomachs, crawl on all fours and sit without support.
Start by laying your newborn on his or her tummy across your lap two or three times a day for a few minutes. As your baby grows stronger, place him or her on a blanket on the floor after a diaper change or nap. Arrange age-appropriate toys within his or her reach. As your baby gets used to tummy time, place your baby on his or her stomach more frequently or for longer periods of time. For a 3- to 4-month-old baby, some research suggests aiming for at least 20 minutes of tummy time a day.
Remember, however, to never leave your baby unattended during tummy time. If your baby becomes fussy or sleepy during tummy time, change his or her activity or place your baby to sleep on his or her back in the crib.
Sept. 03, 2014
- American Academy of Pediatrics Task Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. SIDS and other sleep-related infant deaths: Expansion of recommendations for a safe infant sleeping environment. American Academy of Pediatrics Policy. http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/site/aappolicy/index.xhtml. Accessed July 14, 2014.
- Ohman A, et al. Are infants with torticollis at risk of a delay in early motor milestones compared with a control group of healthy infants? Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 2009;51:545.
- Kuo Y, et al. The influence of wakeful prone positioning on motor development during the early life. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. 2008;29:367.
- Parents and caregivers: New infant safe sleep recommendations. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/sids/parents-caregivers.htm. Accessed July 14, 2014.
- Graham JM. Tummy time is important. Clinical Pediatrics. 2006;45:119.
- Safe sleep for your baby. National Institute of Child Health & Human Development. http://www.nichd.nih.gov/sts/materials/Pages/default.aspx#providers. Accessed July 14, 2014.
- Babies need tummy time. National Institute of Child Health & Human Development. http://www.nichd.nih.gov/sts/about/pages/tummytime.aspx. Accessed July 14, 2014.
- American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Practice and Ambulatory Medicine, Section on Neurological Surgery. Clinical report — Prevention and management of positional skull deformities in infants. American Academy of Pediatrics Policy. http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/site/aappolicy/index.xhtml. Accessed July 14, 2014.