Social support: Tap this tool to beat stress
Having close friends and family has far-reaching benefits for your health. Here's how to build and maintain these essential relationships.
By Mayo Clinic Staff
A strong social support network can be critical to help you through the stress of tough times, whether you've had a bad day at work or a year filled with loss or chronic illness. Since your supportive family, friends and co-workers are such an important part of your life, it's never too soon to cultivate these important relationships.
What is a social support network?
A social support network is made up of friends, family and peers. A social support network is different from a support group, which is generally a structured meeting run by a mental health professional.
Although both support groups and support networks can play an important role in times of stress, a social support network is something you can develop when you're not under stress. It provides the comfort of knowing that your friends are there for you if you need them.
You don't need to formalize your support network with regular meetings or an official leader. A coffee break with a friend at work, a quick chat with a neighbor, a phone call to your sibling or even a visit to church are all ways to develop and foster lasting relationships with the people close to you.
Don't wait for someone else to make the first move. If you meet someone you think might become a good friend, invite him or her to join you for coffee or another casual activity.
Benefits of a social support network
Several studies have demonstrated that having a network of supportive relationships contributes to psychological well-being. When you have a social support network, you benefit in the following ways:
April 16, 2015
- Sense of belonging. Spending time with people helps ward off loneliness. Whether it's other new parents, dog lovers, fishing buddies or siblings, just knowing you're not alone can go a long way toward coping with stress.
- Increased sense of self-worth. Having people who call you a friend reinforces the idea that you're a good person to be around.
- Feeling of security. Your social network gives you access to information, advice, guidance and other types of assistance should you need them. It's comforting to know that you have people you can turn to in a time of need.
See more In-depth
- Stress management: How to strengthen your social support network. American Psychological Association. http://apa.org/helpcenter/emotional-support.aspx. Accessed March 18, 2015.
- Umberson D, et al. Social relationships and health: A flashpoint for health policy. Journal of Health and Social Behavior. 2010;51:S54.
- Seaward BL. Additional coping skills. In: Essentials of Managing Stress. 3rd ed. Sudbury, Mass.: Jones & Bartlett Publishers; 2014.
- Sood A. Your tribe: Seed and feed. In: The Mayo Clinic Guide to Stress-Free Living. Cambridge, Mass.: Da Capo Press/Lifelong Books; 2013.
- Sood A. Week 8: Relationships. In: The Mayo Clinic Handbook for Happiness. Cambridge, Mass.: Da Capo Press/Lifelong Books; 2015.
- Making and keeping friends: A self-help guide. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. http://store.samhsa.gov/product/Making-and-Keeping-Friends-A-Self-Help-Guide/SMA-3716. Accessed March 13, 2015.