Is codeine OK?

No. The Food and Drug Administration has issued its strongest warning against the use of codeine to treat a cough or pain in children younger than age 12 years. This is due to the potential for serious side effects, such as slowed or difficult breathing.

How can I help my child feel better?

There's no cure for the common cold, but you can help your child feel better while he or she is toughing it out. Consider these tips:

  • Offer fluids. Liquids such as water, juice and broth can help loosen congestion. Warm liquids, such as tea or chicken soup, might have a soothing effect, increase the flow of nasal mucus and loosen respiratory secretions.
  • Moisten nasal passages. Run a cool-mist humidifier in your child's room. To prevent mold growth, change the water daily and follow the manufacturer's cleaning instructions. Steam from a hot shower might help, too.
  • Use a suction bulb for a baby or young child. This device draws mucus out of the nose. Squeeze the bulb part of the syringe, gently place the tip inside one nostril and slowly release the bulb.
  • Use saline nasal drops. Over-the-counter saline nasal drops — or saline spray, for an older child — can loosen thick nasal mucus and make it easier for your child to breathe. For babies or young children, follow up with a suction bulb.
  • Soothe a sore throat. Ice cream, frozen fruit pops or cold beverages might feel good on a sore throat. For an older child, gargling salt water or sucking on a piece of hard candy or a throat lozenge might offer additional relief. Hard candy and lozenges — both choking hazards — aren't appropriate for younger children.
  • Encourage rest. Consider keeping your child home from child care, school and other activities.

What's the best way to prevent the common cold?

To help your child stay healthy:

  • Keep it clean. Teach your child to wash his or her hands thoroughly and often. When soap and water aren't available, provide an alcohol-based hand sanitizer or hand wipes. Keep toys and common household surfaces clean, too.
  • Cover up. Teach everyone in the household to cough or sneeze into a tissue — and then toss it. If you can't reach a tissue in time, cough or sneeze into the crook of your arm.
  • Steer clear of colds. Avoid close, prolonged contact with anyone who has a cold or other communicable infection. Don't allow children to share cups or utensils.

It's also important for your child to eat a healthy diet, get plenty of sleep and stay current on his or her vaccinations — including a yearly flu vaccine.

May 03, 2017 See more In-depth