What can I do to encourage my child to stop thumb sucking?
Talk to your child about his or her thumb sucking. You are more likely to be successful in stopping the habit if your child wants to stop and helps choose the method involved.
In some cases, paying no attention to thumb sucking is enough to stop the behavior — especially if your child uses thumb sucking as a way to get attention. If ignoring it isn't effective, try one of these techniques:
- Use positive reinforcement. Praise your child or provide small rewards — such as an extra bedtime story or a trip to the park — when he or she isn't thumb sucking. Place stickers on a calendar to record the days when your child successfully avoids thumb sucking.
- Identify triggers. If your child sucks his or her thumb in response to stress, identify the real issue and provide comfort in other ways — such as a hug or reassuring words. You might also give your child a pillow or stuffed animal to squeeze.
- Offer gentle reminders. If your child sucks his or her thumb without thought — rather than as a way to get your attention — gently remind him or her to stop. Don't scold, criticize or ridicule your child. To spare embarrassment in front of others, you might alert your child to the thumb sucking with a special hand signal or other private cue.
Can the dentist help?
If you're concerned about the effect of thumb sucking on your child's teeth, check with the dentist. For some kids, a chat with the dentist about why it's important to stop thumb sucking is more effective than a talk with mom or dad.
In other cases, the dentist might recommend a special mouth guard or other dental appliance that interferes with sucking.
Should I try negative reinforcement?
Rarely, some doctors recommend using unpleasant techniques, such as covering your child's thumbnail with vinegar or another bitter substance or bandaging the thumb.
What if nothing works?
For some children, thumb sucking is an incredibly difficult habit to break. Remember, though, peer pressure typically leads kids to stop daytime sucking habits on their own when they start school.
In the meantime, try not to worry. Putting too much pressure on your child to stop thumb sucking might only delay the process.
July 29, 2015
See more In-depth
- Nowak AJ, et al. Oral habits and orofacial development in children. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 8, 2015.
- Ask your dentist about thumb, finger and pacifier habits. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. http://www.aapd.org/publications/brochures. Accessed July 8, 2015.
- Thumbsucking. American Dental Association. http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/t/thumbsucking. Accessed July 8, 2015.
- Tseng AG, et al. Counseling on early childhood concerns: Sleep issues, thumb sucking, picky eating, and school readiness. American Family Physician. 2009;80:139.
- Shelov SP, et al. Behavior. In: Caring for Your Baby and Young Child: Birth to Age 5. New York, N.Y.: Bantam; 2015.